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Use of Midlevel Providers in Diabetes Management

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) Identifier:
First received: October 11, 2005
Last updated: January 14, 2010
Last verified: January 2010

Studies have demonstrated that intensive disease management of diabetes and its associated risk factors, hypertension and dyslipidemia, can prevent the progression of vascular complications. However, implementation of well defined guidelines for intensive disease management has been suboptimal. Barriers to success occur at multiple levels, including health care systems, health care providers and patients.

In rural regions of the U.S., reduced availability of primary care providers and specialty services, including diabetes education, present additional barriers to effective diabetes care. Use of a nurse practitioner led interdisciplinary team to intensively manage urban and rural diabetic patients, utilizing telehealth technology to provide care to rural areas, will help begin to address these barriers

The long term goal of the project is to develop a practical and sustainable system of intensive diabetes management that will be effective in helping diabetic patients achieve and maintain goals within established treatment guidelines regardless of geographic location.

Specific aims are:

  1. To determine in both urban and rural areas if a nurse practitioner led team approach to intensive diabetes management and education improves disease-specific outcomes and patient education compared to traditional care (current diabetes management of urban patients).
  2. To determine if telehealth is an effective and accepted mechanism for delivery of a nurse practitioner led team approach to intensive diabetes management and education in rural areas.
  3. To determine if a nurse practitioner led intensive disease management team can identify patient risk factors (psychological, financial, and work-related factors) that may be barriers to patient adherence, earlier in the management of urban diabetic patients compared to traditional care.
  4. To compare volume and type of service utilization of a nurse practitioner led team approach to diabetes management and education to that of traditional care in both urban and rural areas. Disease-specific outcomes will include physiologic variables (HbA1c, blood pressure, lipid levels), measurement and documentation of preventive services (dilated eye exam, monofilament exam, microabumin testing) and patient's knowledge of disease tested by questionnaire.

Results should show improved outcomes and patient knowledge in urban and rural patients receiving intensive disease management compared to traditional care.

Condition Intervention
Diabetes Mellitus
Behavioral: Nurse Practitioner led multidisciplinary team approach

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Use of Midlevel Providers in Diabetes Management

Further study details as provided by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK):

Estimated Enrollment: 600
Study Start Date: June 2005

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Definitive diagnosis of Type II diabetes based on ADA diagnostic criteria.
  • All persons with diabetes who do not meet ADA goals for glycemic, blood pressure or lipid control.This includes new or previously diagnosed patients.
  • Men and women 21 years of age or older.
  • Speaks and reads English
  • Willing to participate (informed consent)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Type I diabetes
  • Diagnosis of dementia or mental retardation.
  • Resident of personal care home, assisted living, or long term care facility.
  • Significant drug/alcohol abuse in the past 18 months.
  • Active malignant process including patients on chemotherapy.
  • Steroid induced diabetes or patient on chronic or intermittent steroid therapy (use for more than 2 months out of a year)
  • Acute or chronic inflammatory or infectious disease process (chronic osteomyelitis, HIV, tuberculosis, bacterial endocarditis)
  • End stage renal or liver disease.
  • Pregnancy.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00237094

United States, Montana
Deaconess Billings Clinic Center on Aging
Billings, Montana, United States, 59101
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Principal Investigator: Patricia J Coon, MD Deaconess Billings Clinic
  More Information Identifier: NCT00237094     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 65787 (completed)
1R18DK065787-01A1 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: October 11, 2005
Last Updated: January 14, 2010

Keywords provided by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK):
Self Management
Interdisciplinary team

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases processed this record on May 22, 2017