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A Study of the Effectiveness and Safety of Topiramate in the Treatment of Children With Epilepsy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00236743
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 12, 2005
Last Update Posted : June 8, 2011
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of oral topiramate as add-on therapy in children with uncontrolled partial onset seizures who are taking one or two standard anti-epileptic drugs.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Epilepsy Epilepsies, Partial Seizures Drug: topiramate Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Epilepsy is characterized by seizures, which are abnormal electrical discharges in the brain that temporarily disrupt normal brain function. Seizures are classified as "generalized," originating in both sides of the brain simultaneously, or "partial-onset," starting in one area of the brain. Antiepilepsy medications, such as topiramate, are selected based on seizure type. This is a double-blind, placebo-controlled study that includes a baseline phase and a treatment phase. During the baseline phase (8 weeks duration), patients receive a stable dose of one or two standard antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), and the parent or guardian records the occurrences of seizure in a diary. Patients who continue to have seizures during treatment with standard AEDs proceed into the double-blind treatment phase. Patients then receive topiramate or placebo once daily at a dosage of 25 milligrams[mg] or 50 mg based on body weight (to 6mg/kg per day), increasing gradually to twice daily dosing at a maximum of 125-400 mg (based on body weight) for 112 days (16 weeks total duration of the double-blind phase), while continuing on their standard AED regimen. Assessments of effectiveness include the percent reduction in the average monthly seizure rate, percent of patients responding to treatment (having equal to or greater than 50% reduction in seizure rate), and the parent's or guardian's global assessment of medication at end of study. Safety assessments include the incidence of adverse events throughout the study, clinical laboratory tests (hematology, chemistry, urinalysis), neurologic examinations, and vital sign measurements (blood pressure, pulse, body weight) at specific intervals during the treatment phase. The study hypothesis is that topiramate, taken as add-on therapy to treatment with AEDs, will significantly reduce seizure frequency, compared with placebo, in children with refractory partial epilepsy: that is, children who continue to have seizures despite treatment with first-line AEDs. In addition, it is hypothesized that topiramate is well-tolerated. Oral topiramate, daily for 112 days. Starting dose is 25 mg or 50mg, based on body weight. Maximum doses based on patient weight: 125 mg/day (36-54 pounds[lb]); 175 mg/day (55-74 lb); 225 mg/day (75-94 lb); and 400 mg/day (95 or more pounds). Matching placebo was used to maintain blinding.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 90 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Topiramate (RWJ 17021-000) Clinical Trial In Children With Partial Onset Seizures
Study Start Date : June 1994
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2000

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent reduction in the average monthly seizure rate from baseline to end of treatment

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent of patients responding to treatment (>= 50% reduction in seizure rate from baseline to end of treatment); parent's or guardian's global assessments at beginning of treatment and end of study; incidence of adverse events throughout study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 16 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must weigh at least 36 pounds (16 kilograms)
  • patients must have partial onset seizures (with or without secondarily generalized seizures) being treated with at least one, but no more than two antiepileptic drugs (AEDs)
  • patients must have at least 6 partial onset seizures during the 8-week baseline phase, with at least one seizure during each 4-week period
  • an electroencephalogram (EEG) with features consistent with partial epilepsy performed prior to study initiation or during the baseline phase

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Females who are pregnant, nursing, or those not using adequate birth control if capable of having children
  • patients with a treatable cause of seizures (for example, infections)
  • patients with a progressive disorder of the nervous system
  • patients with a clinical diagnosis of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome
  • patients with a history of generalized status epilepticus (repeated or prolonged seizures) while on appropriate anti-epileptic therapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00236743

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
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Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.

Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00236743     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR005467
First Posted: October 12, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 8, 2011
Last Verified: January 2011
Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
partial epilepsies
partial epilepsy
epileptic seizures
partial seizure disorder
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Epilepsies, Partial
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs