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Surfactant Positive Airway Pressure and Pulse Oximetry Trial (SUPPORT)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00233324
First Posted: October 5, 2005
Last Update Posted: July 17, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NICHD Neonatal Research Network
  Purpose
This study compared the use of continuous positive airway pressure initiated at birth with the early administration of surfactant administered through a tube in the windpipe within 1 hour of birth for premature infants born at 24 to 27 weeks gestation. In addition, these infants within 2 hours of birth, had a special pulse oximeter placed to continuously monitor their oxygen saturation in two different target ranges (85-89% or 91-95%). This study helped determine whether or not these two management strategies affect chronic lung disease and survival of premature infants.

Condition Intervention Phase
Infant, Newborn, Diseases Other Preterm Infants Infant, Small for Gestational Age Premature Birth Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Retinopathy of Prematurity Drug: Surfactant Device: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Drug: Supplemental oxygen with target saturation of 85 to 89% Drug: Supplemental oxygen with target saturation of 91 to 95% Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Surfactant Positive Airway Pressure and Pulse Oximetry Trial (SUPPORT) in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by NICHD Neonatal Research Network:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Survival Without Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) [ Time Frame: 36 weeks ]
  • Survival Without Severe Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) (Threshold Disease or the Need for Surgery) [ Time Frame: 55 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Death or Neurodevelopmental Impairment [ Time Frame: 18-22 months ]
  • Duration of Mechanical Ventilation [ Time Frame: During entire NICU stay ]
  • Survival Without Ventilation [ Time Frame: By day 7 ]
  • Received Surfactant Treatment [ Time Frame: 120 days ]
  • Incidence of Air Leaks [ Time Frame: 120 days ]
  • Bronchopulmonary Disease (Using the Physiologic Definition of BPD) [ Time Frame: 36 weeks ]
  • Death [ Time Frame: 18-22 months ]
  • Severe Intraventricular Hemorrhage (IVH) [ Time Frame: 120 days ]
  • Periventricular Leukomalacia (PVL) [ Time Frame: 120 days ]
  • Threshold ROP Requiring Surgery [ Time Frame: 120 days ]
  • Endotracheal Intubation [ Time Frame: Before 10 minutes of age ]
  • Duration of Oxygen Supplementation [ Time Frame: 120 days ]
  • Pulse Oximetry Values > 90% [ Time Frame: 120 days ]
  • Blindness in at Least One Eye [ Time Frame: 18-22 months ]
  • Received Postnatal Steroids [ Time Frame: 120 days ]
  • Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) [ Time Frame: 120 days ]
  • Cerebral Palsy [ Time Frame: 18-22 months ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Apgar Score [ Time Frame: 5 minutes ]

Enrollment: 1316
Study Start Date: February 2005
Study Completion Date: August 2016
Primary Completion Date: February 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Surfactant and Low Oxygen
Administration of surfactant by endotracheal tube and supplemental oxygen with target saturation of 85% to 89%
Drug: Surfactant
Intubation and administration of surfactant by 1 hour of age.
Drug: Supplemental oxygen with target saturation of 85 to 89%
Supplemental oxygen in the range of 85% to 89% until the infant is no longer requiring ventilatory support or oxygen
Other Name: Low oxygen
Experimental: Surfactant and High Oxygen
Administration of surfactant by endotracheal tube and supplemental oxygen with target saturationof 91% to 95%
Drug: Surfactant
Intubation and administration of surfactant by 1 hour of age.
Drug: Supplemental oxygen with target saturation of 91 to 95%
Supplemental oxygen in the range of 91% to 95% until the infant is no longer requiring ventilatory support or oxygen.
Other Name: High oxygen
Experimental: CPAP and Low Oxygen
Administration of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and supplemental oxygen with target saturation of 85% to 89%
Device: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure/Positive End Expiratory Pressure (CPAP/PEEP) begun in the delivery room and continuing in the NICU
Other Name: CPAP
Drug: Supplemental oxygen with target saturation of 85 to 89%
Supplemental oxygen in the range of 85% to 89% until the infant is no longer requiring ventilatory support or oxygen
Other Name: Low oxygen
Experimental: CPAP and High Oxygen
Administration of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)and supplemental oxygen with target saturation of 91% to 95%
Device: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure/Positive End Expiratory Pressure (CPAP/PEEP) begun in the delivery room and continuing in the NICU
Other Name: CPAP
Drug: Supplemental oxygen with target saturation of 91 to 95%
Supplemental oxygen in the range of 91% to 95% until the infant is no longer requiring ventilatory support or oxygen.
Other Name: High oxygen

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   24 Weeks to 27 Weeks   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Infants with a minimal gestational age of 24 weeks 0 days to 27 completed weeks (up to 27 6/7ths) by best obstetrical estimate
  • Infants who will receive full resuscitation as necessary, i.e., no parental request or physician decision to forego resuscitation
  • Infants whose parents/legal guardians have provided consent for enrollment, or
  • Infants without known major congenital malformations

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any infant transported to the center after delivery
  • Infants whose parents/legal guardians refuse consent
  • Infants born during a time when the research apparatus/study personnel are not available
  • Infants < 24 weeks 0 days or > 28 weeks 0 days, completed weeks of gestation
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00233324


  Show 22 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
NICHD Neonatal Research Network
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Abbot R. Laptook, MD Brown University, Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island
Principal Investigator: Michele C. Walsh, MD MS Case Western Reserve University, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital
Principal Investigator: Ronald N. Goldberg, MD Duke University
Principal Investigator: Barbara J. Stoll, MD Emory University
Principal Investigator: Brenda B. Poindexter, MD MS Indiana University
Principal Investigator: Abhik Das, PhD RTI International
Principal Investigator: Krisa P. Van Meurs, MD Stanford University
Principal Investigator: Ivan D. Frantz III, MD Tufts Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Neil N. Finer, MD University of California, San Diego
Principal Investigator: Kurt Schibler, MD Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Principal Investigator: Waldemar A. Carlo, MD University of Alabama at Birmingham
Principal Investigator: Edward F. Bell, MD University of Iowa
Principal Investigator: Kristi L. Watterberg, MD University of New Mexico
Principal Investigator: Pablo J. Sanchez, MD University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
Principal Investigator: Kathleen A. Kennedy, MD MPH The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
Principal Investigator: Roger G. Faix, MD University of Utah
Principal Investigator: Seetha Shankaran, MD Wayne State University
Principal Investigator: Richard A. Ehrenkranz, MD Yale University
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
SUPPORT Study Group of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD Neonatal Research Network, Carlo WA, Finer NN, Walsh MC, Rich W, Gantz MG, Laptook AR, Yoder BA, Faix RG, Das A, Poole WK, Schibler K, Newman NS, Ambalavanan N, Frantz ID 3rd, Piazza AJ, Sánchez PJ, Morris BH, Laroia N, Phelps DL, Poindexter BB, Cotten CM, Van Meurs KP, Duara S, Narendran V, Sood BG, O'Shea TM, Bell EF, Ehrenkranz RA, Watterberg KL, Higgins RD. Target ranges of oxygen saturation in extremely preterm infants. N Engl J Med. 2010 May 27;362(21):1959-69. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa0911781. Epub 2010 May 16.
SUPPORT Study Group of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD Neonatal Research Network, Finer NN, Carlo WA, Walsh MC, Rich W, Gantz MG, Laptook AR, Yoder BA, Faix RG, Das A, Poole WK, Donovan EF, Newman NS, Ambalavanan N, Frantz ID 3rd, Buchter S, Sánchez PJ, Kennedy KA, Laroia N, Poindexter BB, Cotten CM, Van Meurs KP, Duara S, Narendran V, Sood BG, O'Shea TM, Bell EF, Bhandari V, Watterberg KL, Higgins RD. Early CPAP versus surfactant in extremely preterm infants. N Engl J Med. 2010 May 27;362(21):1970-9. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa0911783. Epub 2010 May 16. Erratum in: N Engl J Med. 2010 Jun 10;362(23):2235.
Rich WD, Auten KJ, Gantz MG, Hale EC, Hensman AM, Newman NS, Finer NN; National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. Antenatal consent in the SUPPORT trial: challenges, costs, and representative enrollment. Pediatrics. 2010 Jul;126(1):e215-21. doi: 10.1542/peds.2009-3353. Epub 2010 Jun 29.
Di Fiore JM, Walsh M, Wrage L, Rich W, Finer N, Carlo WA, Martin RJ; SUPPORT Study Group of Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. Low oxygen saturation target range is associated with increased incidence of intermittent hypoxemia. J Pediatr. 2012 Dec;161(6):1047-52. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.05.046. Epub 2012 Jun 26.
Rich W, Finer NN, Gantz MG, Newman NS, Hensman AM, Hale EC, Auten KJ, Schibler K, Faix RG, Laptook AR, Yoder BA, Das A, Shankaran S; SUPPORT and Generic Database Subcommittees of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. Enrollment of extremely low birth weight infants in a clinical research study may not be representative. Pediatrics. 2012 Mar;129(3):480-4. doi: 10.1542/peds.2011-2121. Epub 2012 Feb 27.
Ambalavanan N, Carlo WA, Wrage LA, Das A, Laughon M, Cotten CM, Kennedy KA, Laptook AR, Shankaran S, Walsh MC, Higgins RD; SUPPORT Study Group of the NICHD Neonatal Research Network. PaCO2 in surfactant, positive pressure, and oxygenation randomised trial (SUPPORT). Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2015 Mar;100(2):F145-9. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2014-306802. Epub 2014 Nov 25.
Navarrete CT, Wrage LA, Carlo WA, Walsh MC, Rich W, Gantz MG, Das A, Schibler K, Newman NS, Piazza AJ, Poindexter BB, Shankaran S, Sánchez PJ, Morris BH, Frantz ID 3rd, Van Meurs KP, Cotten CM, Ehrenkranz RA, Bell EF, Watterberg KL, Higgins RD, Duara S; Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. Growth Outcomes of Preterm Infants Exposed to Different Oxygen Saturation Target Ranges from Birth. J Pediatr. 2016 Sep;176:62-68.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.05.070. Epub 2016 Jun 22.
Stevens TP, Finer NN, Carlo WA, Szilagyi PG, Phelps DL, Walsh MC, Gantz MG, Laptook AR, Yoder BA, Faix RG, Newman JE, Das A, Do BT, Schibler K, Rich W, Newman NS, Ehrenkranz RA, Peralta-Carcelen M, Vohr BR, Wilson-Costello DE, Yolton K, Heyne RJ, Evans PW, Vaucher YE, Adams-Chapman I, McGowan EC, Bodnar A, Pappas A, Hintz SR, Acarregui MJ, Fuller J, Goldstein RF, Bauer CR, O'Shea TM, Myers GJ, Higgins RD; SUPPORT Study Group of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. Respiratory outcomes of the surfactant positive pressure and oximetry randomized trial (SUPPORT). J Pediatr. 2014 Aug;165(2):240-249.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.02.054. Epub 2014 Apr 13.
Vaucher YE, Peralta-Carcelen M, Finer NN, Carlo WA, Gantz MG, Walsh MC, Laptook AR, Yoder BA, Faix RG, Das A, Schibler K, Rich W, Newman NS, Vohr BR, Yolton K, Heyne RJ, Wilson-Costello DE, Evans PW, Goldstein RF, Acarregui MJ, Adams-Chapman I, Pappas A, Hintz SR, Poindexter B, Dusick AM, McGowan EC, Ehrenkranz RA, Bodnar A, Bauer CR, Fuller J, O'Shea TM, Myers GJ, Higgins RD; SUPPORT Study Group of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Neurodevelopmental outcomes in the early CPAP and pulse oximetry trial. N Engl J Med. 2012 Dec 27;367(26):2495-504. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1208506.
Deuticke B. Monocarboxylate transport in red blood cells: kinetics and chemical modification. Methods Enzymol. 1989;173:300-29.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: NICHD Neonatal Research Network
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00233324     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NICHD-NRN-0033
U10HD021364 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD021373 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD021385 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD027851 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD027853 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD027856 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD027871 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD027880 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD027904 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD034216 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD036790 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD040461 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD040492 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD040689 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD053089 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD053109 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD053119 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD053124 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UL1RR024128 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UL1RR024139 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UL1RR024979 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UL1RR024982 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UL1RR024989 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UL1RR025008 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
M01RR000633 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
M01RR000750 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
M01RR008084 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD021397 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD040521 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD040498 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: October 3, 2005
First Posted: October 5, 2005
Results First Submitted: November 16, 2014
Results First Posted: December 5, 2014
Last Update Posted: July 17, 2017
Last Verified: June 2017

Keywords provided by NICHD Neonatal Research Network:
NICHD Neonatal Research Network
Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW)
Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW)
Prematurity
Mechanical ventilation
Surfactant
Intubation
Neurodevelopmental impairment
Pulse oximetry
Oxygen saturation
Positive-Pressure Respiration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Birth Weight
Premature Birth
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Retinopathy of Prematurity
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Obstetric Labor, Premature
Obstetric Labor Complications
Pregnancy Complications
Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury
Lung Injury
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Infant, Premature, Diseases
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Pulmonary Surfactants
Respiratory System Agents


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