Fast Food Study: Assessment of the Effects of Fast-Food on Inflammatory Markers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00233311
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 5, 2005
Last Update Posted : August 6, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute on Aging (NIA) )

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research study is to determine whether eating a fast food meal (high in saturated fat) will result in greater increases in inflammatory markers than eating a meal with low levels of saturated fat and higher levels of mono-unsaturated fat. This study is a first step in learning about how dietary fat intake can directly impact risk factors for heart disease, diabetes and obesity.

Condition or disease
Heart Diseases Diabetes Obesity

Detailed Description:

At the first visit, each potential participant will undergo the screening examination, including laboratory tests. An electrocardiogram (ECG) is performed at baseline to exclude participants with evidence of myocardial infarction. Each participant will complete a Food Intake Record to assess typical dietary patterns. Cognitive status will be assessed with the Mini-Mental Status Exam. The potential participant must acknowledge his or her willingness to consume the two test meals designed for the study.

During visits 2 and 3, the participant will undergo the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test. The Fast Food and Healthy Meals will be administered during Visits 4,5,6 & 7. After fasting for at least 8 hours, the participant will have an intravenous (IV) line placed in an arm vein. Twenty minutes will be allotted for participants to complete each experimental meal (either the fast food or healthy meal). At the end of the 20 minutes, blood will be collected through an intravenous port over an eight-hour time period. Baseline blood samples will also be collected prior to each meal. The two mixed meals will be: 1) a fast-food meal equivalent to the Big Mac Meal with French fries and milkshake; 2) a meal with the same fat distribution as the fast-food meal with fats derived from mono-unsaturated fat sources. A registered dietitian will prepare both of the meals. To prevent any carry-over effects from previous meals, participants will be asked to fast overnight with their last meal being a light dinner no later 12 hours before scheduled testing. In addition, participants will be asked to avoid high fat, high calorie meals during the course of the study. Participants will be given specific dietary guidelines to follow during the course of the study and in the four days preceding the OGTT at visit 2. They will be asked to complete a diet diary so that their adherence to the dietary recommendations can be monitored. All participants will be asked to continue with their normal exercise routine with the exception that no exercise is to be done in the 24 hours prior to each testing session. During the OGTT and the testing sessions for the two meals, an ECG will be continuously recorded using a Holter monitor.

The primary study hypotheses are:

  • Administration of the different meals (different nutrient compositions) will cause differential increases in the circulating levels of inflammatory markers. Specifically, the fast-food meal (high in saturated fat) will cause a greater increase in circulating inflammatory markers, specifically C-reactive protein (CRP), than the oral glucose or the mono-unsaturated fat meal. Also, this difference in inflammatory response will not be explained by parallel changes in circulating lipid levels.
  • The inflammatory response within an individual to the standard oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and to each meal is reproducible over a 48-hour period.

The secondary hypothesis is:

  • Changes in the serum level of glucose and insulin following a standard oral glucose tolerance test will predict changes in circulating levels of inflammatory markers after both meals

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 61 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Assessment of the Postprandial Effects of a Fast-food on Inflammatory Markers
Study Start Date : March 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2012

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Serum, Whole Blood

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
General Public

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy men and women between the ages of 50 and 65
  • Body mass index (BMI) less than or equal to 30 kg/m2
  • Waist circumference less than or equal to 40 inches for men and 35 inches for women (measured at natural waist just above the navel)
  • CRP (C-reactive protein) level less than 3mg/L
  • Report no difficulties or need for help in performing self care or instrumental activities of daily living
  • Able to walk for at least 10 minutes without needing to stop or without symptom onset
  • No substantial cognitive impairment based on mental status screening tests (score <24 on Mini-Mental Status Exam)
  • No history of a cardiovascular event over the last three months (including angina, myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG), congestive heart failure, cerebro-vascular diseases), cancer, diabetes mellitus, neurological disease, thyroid disease, birth defect, kidney or liver disease, gastrointestinal (G.I.) diseases (including gallbladder disease), musculoskeletal disorder (if they cause pathological weakness and/or chronic pain), or important sensory deficits.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Systolic blood pressure greater than 160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 95 mmHg with or without treatment
  • ECG shows evidence of myocardial infarction
  • Abnormal laboratory tests
  • Abnormal liver function
  • Shortness of breath while performing normal activities of daily living, such as walking or climbing stairs
  • Use of any hormones (i.e. estrogen, testosterone)
  • Absolute need for long-term treatment with anti-inflammatories, aspirin (>100 mg per day per physician orders), statins, antibiotics, corticosteroids, immunosuppressors, H2 blockers and pain medications. Non-steroid anti-inflammatory use is allowed, but should be stopped three days before the study)
  • Use of herbal supplements are not permitted during the study (Multivitamin is permitted, but other vitamin supplementation are not permitted during the study.)
  • Any medication/drug that acts on lipid metabolism (i.e. Xenical)
  • Any severe psychiatric condition
  • Any infections requiring use of antibiotics within the past 3 months
  • Current use of tobacco products
  • Alcoholic intake > 30 grams while on this study is not permitted (no more than 2 beers per day or more than one glass of wine or cocktail daily)
  • Intense physical activity over the past year (>6 metabolic equivalents [METs], at least 1 hour per week)
  • Allergies to nuts
  • Loss or gain of greater than or equal to 4 pounds in the past 6 months
  • Any condition that may preclude informed consent
  • Recent blood donation (past 3 months)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00233311

United States, Maryland
NIA Clinical Research Unit at Harbor Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21225
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Principal Investigator: Luigi Ferrucci, MD, PhD MedStar Research Institute, NIA/Astra Unit, National Institute on Aging

Responsible Party: National Institute on Aging (NIA) Identifier: NCT00233311     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AG0052
First Posted: October 5, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 6, 2012
Last Verified: August 2012

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute on Aging (NIA) ):
high fat diet
inflammatory markers
C-reactive protein

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases