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Efficacy of Galantamine to Treat Schizophrenia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00232349
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Study terminated due to no apparent benefit.)
First Posted : October 4, 2005
Last Update Posted : July 31, 2008
Information provided by:
Seattle Institute for Biomedical and Clinical Research

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study was to determine if treatment with adjunctive galantamine is effective in the reduction of functional impairments in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. It was hypothesized that adjunctive galantamine would yield clinically significant improvements from baseline to end of study on a measure of quality of life and a measure of independent living skills.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Schizophrenia Psychotic Disorder Drug: galantamine Phase 4

Detailed Description:

A majority of patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder experience impairments in social relations and employment. Many patients experience impairments in their ability to live independently, requiring assistance in such activities as money management, shopping, food preparation and hygiene. These impairments in functioning have been shown to be related to cognitive deficits associated with the disease.

Galantamine is a medication that has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease. Both animal and human models have shown that galantamine can enhance learning and memory. Case reports and preliminary research have suggested that galantamine is an effective adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia, improving both cognition and negative symptoms. Improvements in functioning require that gains in cognition be maintained long enough to allow for the acquisition and application of new skills and behaviors.

Thus, this nine month, open label study assessed the efficacy of galantamine, dosed at 4-12 mg/twice a day, for the treatment of functional impairments in individuals, ages 18-60, with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. The primary outcome measures were changes from baseline to end of study in scores on the Independent Living Scale (ILS) and the Quality of Life Scale (QLS). Secondary outcome measures included assessments of symptoms, cognition, side effects, and movement disorders.

Twenty-one subjects signed informed consent and fourteen subjects were initiated on medication. Six subjects completed the study. As per a priori plan, those subjects (n = 8) who were treated with study medication for at least four months were included in the analyses of treatment outcomes. Our findings regarding the efficacy of galantamine for functional outcomes, including activities of daily living and quality of life, did not support our hypothesis that long-term treatment with galantamine would yield improvements in these domains in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. In fact, in the current study, we did not observe any anticipated improvements in cognition. In addition, we did not observe any anticipated improvements in symptoms, specifically negative symptoms.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Trial of Adjunctive Galantamine Maintenance Therapy to Treat Functional Impairments in Chronic Outpatients With Schizophrenia
Study Start Date : February 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Schizophrenia

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention group
All subjects enrolled in study are in the intervention group.
Drug: galantamine
open label galantamine, dosed at 4-12 mg/b.i.d., with a target dose of 12 mg/b.i.d.
Other Names:
  • Razadyne
  • Reminyl

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. score on a measure of quality of life [ Time Frame: after 9 months treatment ]
  2. score on a measure of independent living skills [ Time Frame: after 9 months treatment ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. score on a measure of psychopathology [ Time Frame: after 9 months treatment ]
  2. score on a measure of negative symptoms [ Time Frame: after 9 months treatment ]
  3. score on a neurocognitive battery [ Time Frame: after 9 months treatment ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18-60
  • Able to provide informed, written consent
  • Treatment for schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder for 5 or more years
  • Diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder
  • Psychiatrically stable as evidenced by no hospitalizations and no changes in psychiatric medications (with the exception of dosage adjustments and the prescription of adjunctive treatments for sleep disturbance or anxiety) within the prior 3 months, and as confirmed by clinical interview during the screening phase
  • Total score > 60 baseline on The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)
  • Score > 3 on at least one of the five subscales of the SANS
  • Non-Kraepelinian schizophrenia, as defined by the ability to independently provide for at least one domain of basic needs
  • Females must be of non-child bearing potential or on appropriate contraceptive and not breast-feeding
  • Females must have a negative serum beta HCG at screening
  • Clinical laboratory values within normal limits, as defined in study protocol, or abnormalities considered not clinically significant by the investigator

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Kraepelinian schizophrenia, as defined by dependency on others for the provision of all basic needs (including shopping, food preparation, household chores, and transportation);
  • DSM-IV criteria for substance dependence (excluding nicotine and caffeine), as determined by SCID and chart review, during the 90 days prior to screening;
  • Patients judged by the investigator as being at significant risk of suicide, violent behavior, or homicide;
  • Concurrent participation or participation within the prior 30 days in any study involving investigational medications;
  • Females who are pregnant or lactating;
  • Neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and other dementias, Parkinson's disease, Pick's disease, and Huntington's chorea;
  • A history of significant cerebrovascular event yielding a physical or neurological deficit likely to confound the assessment of the subject's functioning;
  • A history of significant head trauma, defined as head trauma resulting in neurological or cognitive sequelae;
  • A known personal history of seizure disorder;
  • A known sensitivity to cholinesterase inhibitors, choline agonists, or similar agents;
  • Patients who are known to be HIV positive;
  • Evidence of clinically significant, active gastrointestinal, hepatic, pulmonary, endocrine, renal, or cardiovascular system disease;
  • Active or clinically significant conditions affecting absorption, distribution or metabolism of the study medication (e.g. inflammatory bowel disease or gastric or duodenal ulcers);
  • Clinically significant urinary outflow obstruction;
  • Patients with untreated thyroid disease;
  • Patients with Type I or Type II diabetes controlled by medication or diet who do not have a HbA1c of < 8.5%;
  • Patients with known significant cardiac history such as myocardial infarction or abnormal cardiac catheterization within the last 12 months.
  • Unstable angina: angina or coronary artery disease requiring a change in medications within the 3 months prior to screening;
  • Decompensated congestive heart failure;
  • Severe mitral or aortic valvular disease;
  • Atrial fibrillation;
  • Greater than first degree atrioventricular block;
  • QTc prolongation at screening;
  • Bradycardia <50 beats/min;
  • Current treatment with clozapine, olanzapine, chlorpromazine, or thioridazine;
  • Use of potent cytochrome P450 inhibitors or inducers within 14 days before the Baseline Visit or during treatment, as listed in Appendix B of protocol;
  • Current use of potent anticholinergic medication, as listed in Appendix B;
  • Current use of any disallowed concomitant medication, as listed in Appendix B; and
  • Any clinical finding that in the opinion of the investigator could potentially be negatively affected by study participation or that could potentially affect study participation is criterion for exclusion from the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00232349

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United States, Washington
VA Puget Sound Health Care System, American Lake Division
Tacoma, Washington, United States, 98493
Sponsors and Collaborators
Seattle Institute for Biomedical and Clinical Research
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Principal Investigator: Andre Tapp, M.D. VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Tacoma and Seattle, WA and University of Washington, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Seattle, WA
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Responsible Party: Andre Tapp, M.D., VA Puget Sound Health Care System Identifier: NCT00232349    
Other Study ID Numbers: TA1 28
First Posted: October 4, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 31, 2008
Last Verified: July 2008
Keywords provided by Seattle Institute for Biomedical and Clinical Research:
cholinesterase inhibitors
quality of life
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Mental Disorders
Psychotic Disorders
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Nootropic Agents