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Safety/Effectiveness of Adding Monthly Dexamethasone to Weekly Avonex for MS

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00232193
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 4, 2005
Last Update Posted : July 22, 2011
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to determine whether giving intravenous dexamethasone every 4 weeks during the first 12 months of weekly Avonex dosing will reduce the progression of functional impairment, brain atrophy, relapse rate and frequency, and new and enlarging brain lesions over the first 24 months of Avonex therapy in patients with relapsing-remitting or mono-symptomatic multiple sclerosis.

Condition or disease Phase
Relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis Clinically Isolated Syndrome Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Beta Interferon-1a (Avonex)was approved by the FDA in 1996 to treat relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Clinical trials have shown evidence in the reduction of relapses and progression of neurological and cognitive disability with the use of Avonex, as well as reduction in brain atrophy and new MS lesions on MRI were observed. Despite this, Avonex does not abolish disease activity, therefore, there is frequent need for adjunctive therapy, such as short courses of corticosteroids.

This study will research the value of adding monthly pulsed corticosteroids as adjunctive therapy during the first year of Avonex use to determine: a)safety and tolerability b)if this therapy will reduce the progression of functional impairment, and c)if this therapy will reduce the progression of whole brain atrophy over a 13 month observation period.


Study Design

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 40 participants
Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Steroid Adjunctive Treatment at Initiation of Avonex Therapy for Patients With Mono-Symptomatic or Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
Study Start Date : December 2003
Primary Completion Date : December 2008
Study Completion Date : August 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Groups and Cohorts

Group/Cohort
IFNβ+DS group
IFNβ+DS group received lyophilized Avonex 30mcg IM weekly plus dexamethasone 160 mg IV every 4 weeks for 52 weeks and was treated with Avonex 30mcg IM weekly from week 53 to 104
IFNβ group
IFNβ group received lyophilized Avonex 30mcg IM weekly for 104 weeks


Outcome Measures

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Treatment-naive MS patients with either RRMS or CIS, of either gender, between 18 to 55 years of age inclusive, with baseline EDSS of 0 to 3.5, fulfilling McDonald criteria for MS or CHAMPS criteria for CIS, were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • male and female patients between the ages of 18-55 years inclusive
  • have provided informed consent to be screened for the study
  • have been diagnoses as having MS
  • meet the McDonald diagnostic criteria for RRMS or CHAMPS criteria for CIS
  • have an EDSS score of 0.0-3.5
  • have had no immunomodulator or cytoxic agents and have had no steroids or other immunosuppressants within 30 days prior to Baseline Visit
  • must have had a brain MRI scan demonstrating lesions consistent with MS on T2-weighted or FLAIR images
  • subjects must be willing and able to participate in all aspects of the study, including use of study medications as prescribed, and screening and follow-up clinical and MRI assessments

Exclusion Criteria:

  • type I of type II diabetes
  • uncontrolled hypertension (systolic >160 or diastolic >100 despite medication therapy)
  • history of suicidal ideation
  • history of psychosis
  • history of alcoholism or other substance abuse
  • clinically significant coronary artery disease
  • history of hepatic failure and chronic renal failure
  • history of cancer other than basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  • pregnancy or unwillingness to use adequate precautions to prevent pregnancy during the duration of this study
  • nursing mothers
  • history of stroke, dementia, seizure disorder, peripheral neuropathy, Parkinsonism, myasthenia, myelopathy or other primary degenerative disease of the central or peripheral nervous system
  • history of peptic ulcer disease
  • history of intolerance to corticosteroids or allergy to albumin
  • history of osteoporosis
  • history of Lupus, Sjogrens syndrome, Lyme disease or syphilis
  • abnormal laboratory results indicative of significant hepatic, renal, hematopoetic, or coagulation dysfunction
  • the entity of any disease entity, which in the opinion of the investigators would potentially prevent the patient from successfully completing 2 years participation in this trial or confound the observations made during this trial
  • prior use of Avonex, Betaseron, Rebif, mitoxantrone, cyclophosphamide, azothioprine, methotrexate, cladribine, cyclosporin, CellCept, IVIG, natalizumab, anti T-cell or anti B-cell antibodies, plasmapheresis or other systemic immunosuppressant or cancer chemotherapeutic agents
  • unwillingness or inability to comply with all the requirements of the protocol
  • known diagnosis of osteoporosis
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00232193


Locations
United States, Oregon
Providence MS Center
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97225
Sponsors and Collaborators
Providence Multiple Sclerosis Center
Biogen
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Stanley L. Cohan, M.D., Ph.D. Providence Multiple Sclerosis Center
More Information

Responsible Party: Stanley Cohan, MD, Medical Director, Providence MS Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00232193     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 011-03-AVX
First Posted: October 4, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 22, 2011
Last Verified: July 2011

Keywords provided by Providence Multiple Sclerosis Center:
Multiple Sclerosis
Interferon Beta 1-a
Pulsed steroids

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone
Interferon beta-1a
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents