Efficacy of Chloroquine + Sulfadoxine Pyrimethamine Versus Artemether + Lumefantrine for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria in the Philippines
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00229775|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 30, 2005
Last Update Posted : September 11, 2012
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Malaria||Drug: artemether/lumafantrine vs chloroquine/sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine|
Background: In the Philippines, close to 11 million people in 65 provinces are at risk for acquiring malaria infections. It is still one of the ten leading causes of morbidity nationwide. Each day, roughly 150-200 people fall ill with malaria. In the past 40 years, the mortality rate stabilized at around 2/100,000 population. Of those people who have malaria, approximately 1% die per year. Malaria remains one of the major causes of death in provinces such as Palawan, Isabela, Tawi-tawi, Sulu and Butuan City. Approximately 70% of all malaria in the Philippines is Plasmodium falciparum with the remaining species being P. vivax.
Recently the Department of Health (DOH) instituted a change in the national antimalarial drug guidelines changing from using chloroquine (CQ) and sulfadoxine pyrimethamine (SP) monotherapy as first and second line drugs, respectively, to a combined chloroquine plus sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine as first-line treatment, and artemether-lumefantrine (Coartem) as second line treatment. This change was made due to increasing levels of drug resistance to the previous first and second-line therapies. In order to have an improved understanding of the trends of antimalarial drug resistance in the Philippines, the DOH is initiating a sentinel surveillance system for monitoring of antimalarial drug resistance. Three sites have been selected to be representative of the country.
Objective: To establish a sentinel surveillance system to assess the efficacy of chloroquine plus sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine versus artemether + lumefantrine for the treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum infections in three areas of the Republic of the Philippines.
Methods: An in vivo antimalarial drug efficacy trial will be conducted in three areas of the Philippines. Subjects > 6 months of age with parasitologically confirmed, uncomplicated P. falciparum infections will be recruited. Patients will be treated with single dose SP (25 mg/kg of the sulfadoxine component in a single dose) plus CQ (25 mg/kg over three days) or artemether + lumefantrine (twice daily) over 3 days. Patients will be randomly assigned one of the two drugs regimens. Clinical and parasitological parameters will be monitored over a 28-day follow-up period to evaluate drug efficacy. Results from this study will be used to assist the DOH in assessing their national malaria treatment policy for P. falciparum malaria.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||560 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Efficacy of Chloroquine + Sulfadoxine Pyrimethamine Versus Artemether + Lumefantrine for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria in the Philippines|
|Study Start Date :||July 2003|
|Primary Completion Date :||July 2008|
|Study Completion Date :||July 2008|
- Clinical cure
- Hemoglobin levels
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00229775
|Kalinga Health Center|
|Tabuk, Kalinga Province, Philippines|
|Davao Health Center|
|Davao City, Mindinao, Philippines|
|Palawan Health Center|
|Puerto Princesa, Palawan, Philippines|
|Study Director:||Dorin Bustos, MD, PhD||RITM, DOH, Philippines|