Analysis of T-Cell Immune Reconstitution Following Allogeneic Hematopoietic BMT for Severe SCD
Sickle Cell Disease
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort|
|Official Title:||Analysis of T-Cell Immune Reconstitution Following Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Severe Sickle Cell Disease (ImmuneReconstSCD)|
- To determine the rate of T cell immune reconstitution in children with sickle cell disease [ Time Frame: 1 year after accrual closed ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Sickle Cell Disease Bone Marrow Transplant
Sickle Cell Disease Bone Marrow Transplant candidates
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a serious inherited disorder of red blood cells that shortens life and causes life-long problems. One of the most common genetic diseases in America, SCD affects 1 of every 375 African-American live births, and can be identified by routine newborn screening. SCD manifests with vaso-occlusive events, the most common of which is the "sickle pain crisis," which causes severe and unrelenting pain, typically in the back, chest, or long bones. Other types of vaso-occlusive events involve the spleen, brain (stoke), retina, bones, kidney and lungs. Patients are at increased risk for death due to bacterial infections, damage to vital organs, or aplastic crisis (failure to produce any red cells), and often suffer chronic organ damage.
Patients with frequent and severe complications in early childhood are typically felt to be at highest risk for continued debilitating problems and early death. These severely affected children have been the subject of efforts to cure SCD through bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from a healthy donor. BMT is curative for SCD because it provides a source of normal hemoglobin production. BMT is performed by giving the patient high doses of chemotherapy, then infusing bone marrow from a healthy donor into a large vein in the recipient, followed by an intensive period of supportive care and immune suppression. Over 200 patients with SCD have been transplanted world-wide, primarily from sibling donors who are HLA (tissue or transplantation type) matched. Of those transplanted in a North American cooperative study, about 95% of these patients survived the transplant, and about 85% are free of sickle cell disease. The Atlanta program was the largest contributor to this study. Through 2004, Atlanta has transplanted 18 children with SCD from matched siblings; all are free of sickle cell disease and none have died.
Because conventional (myeloablative) BMT carries significant risks of morbidity and mortality ant thus limits its use, researchers have recently been investigating less risky methods of BMT for SCD, called reduced intensity or non-myeloablative (NMA) transplant. Dr. Catherine Wu of the Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Dr. Laksmannan Krishnamurti of the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh are both performing NMA transplant for adults (Wu) and children (Krishnamurti) with severe SCD. In Atlanta (Haight), patients continue to be offered transplant using the conventional myeloablative approach.
Important questions remain about the functional and long-term status of transplanted SCD patients in a variety of areas; this study will focus upon immune function. Because little is know about the functional immune status of patients after non-myeloablative transplants, and certainly not those who undergo transplantation for the diagnosis of sickle cell anemia, patient blood samples will be analyzed for extent of immune reconstitution following transplant through immunophenotyping of various immune cell subsets, molecular analysis of reconstitution of T cell neogenesis (TREC analysis) and T cell receptor complexity (TCR Vbeta spectratyping).
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00228631
|United States, Georgia|
|Children's Healthcare of Atlanta|
|Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322|
|Principal Investigator:||Ann Haight, MD||Children's Healthcare of Atlanta/Emory|