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Aquatic Verses Land Exercise to Decrease Fall Risk

This study has been completed.
Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation
Information provided by:
University of Saskatchewan Identifier:
First received: September 23, 2005
Last updated: January 3, 2006
Last verified: September 2005
Compare the effect of aquatic,land and no exercise on fall risk factors in women diagnosed with osteoporosis

Condition Intervention
Osteoporosis Behavioral: exercise

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effect of Water Verses Land Exercise to Decrease Fall Risk in Older Women With Osteoporosis

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Saskatchewan:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • muscle strength
  • balance
  • mobility
  • function
  • quality of life

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • bone status

Estimated Enrollment: 73
Study Start Date: September 1999
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2002
Detailed Description:
Background and Purpose: Fall prevention through exercise is an ongoing goal of researchers and clinicians. This study compared the effects of aquatic exercise (AE), land exercise (LE) and no exercise (NE) on fall risk factors. Subjects: Seventy-three women, 60 or older, with osteoporosis (OP). Method: Randomized clinical trial comparing balance, posture, strength, mobility, function, falls, and quality of life. Results: Significant differences (p<0.05) were found for participants’ ratings of global change (AE and LE > NE), tandem balance (AE > LE) and function (LE > AE). Joint pain and falls occurred more often during LE. Discussion and Conclusion: Participants experienced significant global improvement with both AE and LE. Less joint pain, reduced falls and improved balance were found in AE, however LE was more effective in improving functional ability at home. Clinicians should consider the individual’s specific impairments and risk factors when recommending exercise programs on land or in water.

Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age 60 or older
  • diagnosed with osteoporosis
  • female

Exclusion Criteria:

  • has not been involved in regular exercise in past 2 months
  • does not have any medical or neurological condition that would significantly limit activities of daily living, such that involvement in an exercise program would jeopardize safety
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00227071

Canada, Saskatchewan
School of Physical Therapy
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, S7N 0W3
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation
Principal Investigator: Cathy M Arnold University of Saskatchewan
  More Information Identifier: NCT00227071     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BMC 1999-65
Study First Received: September 23, 2005
Last Updated: January 3, 2006

Keywords provided by University of Saskatchewan:
accidental falls
risk factors

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bone Diseases, Metabolic
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases processed this record on August 22, 2017