Cyclophosphamide, Fludarabine, and High-Dose Interleukin-2 in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide and fludarabine, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill tumor cells and may help a person's immune system recover from the side effects of chemotherapy.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving cyclophosphamide and fludarabine together with high-dose interleukin-2 works in treating patients with metastatic melanoma.
|Melanoma (Skin)||Biological: aldesleukin Biological: sargramostim Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: fludarabine phosphate||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||High Dose Interleukin-2 (IL-2) Therapy In "Lymphodepleted Primed" Patients With Metastatic Melanoma|
- Number of partiCIPANTS WITH OBJECTIVE RESPONSE AS MEASURED BY RECIST [ Time Frame: Response at 12 weeks ]Objective response as measured by radiological and physical examination using RECIST criteria.
- Number of Participants With Lymphocyte Recovery as Measured by Blood Count [ Time Frame: on days 1-15, weekly for 2 weeks, and then every 2-3 months ]Lymphocyte recovery to a greater than 1000 cells/mcL was determined by differential peripheral blood cell counts on sequential days as noted in time frame.
- Time to Progression as Measured by RECIST [ Time Frame: From date of randomization until the first date of documented progression or date of death from any cause, which ever came first, assessed up till 100 months ]Clinical outcome used the National Cancer Institute's Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)1.0.
|Study Start Date:||February 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: IL-2, CTX, fludarabine, GM-CSF
Aldesleukin (IL-2), cyclophosphamide, fludarabine phosphate, sargramostim
‡Interleukin-2 (aldesleukin) IV (600,000 U/kg; Chiron, Emeryville, CA): two 5-day courses on days 8 and 22. Interleukin-2 was given over 15 minutes every 8 hours. Goal is 14 doses/5-day course
Other Name: Aldesleukin; IL-2; HD IL-2; Interleukin-2Biological: sargramostim
GM-CSF was given subcutaneously daily from day 8 until absolute granulocyte count exceeds 5,000 cells/mL for 2 consecutive days.
Other Name: GM-CSF; granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factorDrug: cyclophosphamide
Cyclophosphamide (60 mg/kg/d; Baxter, Deerfield, IL) intravenously (IV) for 2 days with sodium 2- mercaptoethanesulfonate (Mesna; Sicor, Irvine, CA) at 20% of cyclophosphamide dose IV 15 minutes before and 40% of the cyclophosphamide dose orally at 2 and 6 hours after the initiation of chemotherapy.
Other Name: cyclophosphamide,CytoxanDrug: fludarabine phosphate
Fludarabine IV (25 mg/M2/day)-five daily doses from Day 3
Other Name: Fludara
- Determine the objective response rate in lymphodepleted patients with metastatic melanoma treated with cyclophosphamide, fludarabine, and high-dose interleukin-2.
- Determine the feasibility of this regimen in these patients.
- Determine the quality and quantity of lymphocyte recovery in these patients during and after treatment with this regimen.
- Determine time to disease progression and survival in patients treated with this regimen.
OUTLINE: This is an open-label, multicenter study.
Patients receive lymphodepleting therapy comprising cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 2 and fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days 3-7. Patients then receive high-dose interleukin-2 IV every 8 hours (14 doses) on days 8-12 and 22-26. Patients also receive sargramostim (GM-CSF) subcutaneously beginning on day 8 and continuing until blood counts recover. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients are followed every 3 months.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 18-33 patients will be accrued for this study.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00085423
|United States, New Hampshire|
|Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center|
|Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States, 03756-0002|
|Study Chair:||Marc S. Ernstoff, MD||Norris Cotton Cancer Center|