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Nebulizer Intervention for Minority Children With Asthma

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) Identifier:
First received: September 20, 2005
Last updated: September 3, 2008
Last verified: September 2008
To determine if teaching parents and children to identify the child's asthma symptoms early and if teaching the appropriate use of a nebulizer will result in a decrease in emergency department visits.

Condition Intervention Phase
Behavioral: Nebulizer Education Intervention
Behavioral: Standard Asthma Education Groups
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Official Title: Nebulizer Intervention for Minority Children With Asthma

Further study details as provided by National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • We hypothesized that children receiving the NEI would demonstrate improvement in appropriate nebulizer and asthma medication use and decreased asthma symptoms, activity limitation, ED visits, and hospitalizations. [ Time Frame: 12 Months ]

Enrollment: 221
Study Start Date: August 2000
Study Completion Date: December 2005
Primary Completion Date: December 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1 Behavioral: Nebulizer Education Intervention
Asthma Education
2 Behavioral: Standard Asthma Education Groups
Asthma Education

Detailed Description:

Nebulizer use in young children is common with prevalence of 33-71% in children under age 12 years. Nebulizers are used primarily to administer SABA medications, (i.e., albuterol) and some anti-inflammatory medications (i.e., budesonide, cromolyn). Parents may prefer nebulizer delivery due to the inability of young children to coordinate respiration with aerosol delivery and many parents lack confidence in administering metered-dose inhaler (MDI) medications to young children. Physician preference for nebulizer administration of asthma medications is low, but is favored due to direct medication delivery to the respiratory system despite studies indicating MDIs with spacers are as effective as nebulizers in delivering asthma medications to young children. Although national guidelines recommend a nebulizer with mask for children 2 years or younger most asthma educational programs lack specific content addressing appropriate nebulizer technique including when and what symptoms to treat at home, optimal length of a nebulized medication session, prevention of SABA overuse and appropriate cleaning and maintenance of the device. Because the overuse of home nebulizer SABA medications has been associated with fatal asthma, instruction and supervision of nebulized rescue medication delivery in addition to appropriate preventive medication use may reduce asthma morbidity and mortality .

The current study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of a home-based nebulizer educational intervention (NEI) for young children with asthma. The intervention was designed to teach early symptom recognition, appropriate medication use and nebulizer technique for home treatment of acute asthma episodes. Study outcomes included symptom frequency, activity limitation, emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations, appropriate asthma medication use and nebulizer practice. We hypothesized that children receiving the NEI would demonstrate improvement in appropriate nebulizer and asthma medication use and decreased asthma symptoms, activity limitation, ED visits and hospitalizations.


Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 8 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Physician diagnosed asthma, use of nebulizer in past 30 days, wheezing or cough symptoms at least weekly during the past 30 days.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participation in another asthma study or having other respiratory illness such as cystic fibrosis, BPD
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00218816

United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
Principal Investigator: Arlene M Butz, SCD,MSN,BSN Johns Hopkins University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Arlene Butz, ScD, RN, MSN, Professor, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Department of Pediatrics Identifier: NCT00218816     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 99-01-06-02
5R01NR005060-04 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: September 20, 2005
Last Updated: September 3, 2008

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Immune System Diseases processed this record on May 24, 2017