DBT Compared to I/GDC for the Treatment of Opiate Addiction in Emotionally Dysregulated Patients. - 1

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00218595
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 22, 2005
Last Update Posted : August 1, 2014
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy of DBT compared to a standard drug counseling approach for the treatment of opiate addiction and borderline personality disorder (BPD). Treatment research has repeatedly shown that retention of BPD and substance addicted individuals to be the among the most challenging for therapists. DBT has established itself as one of the most effective treatments for treatment retention of these patients and for reducing parasuicidal and self-injurious behaviors.

This study is one of two in a multi-site RCT for the treatment of opiate addiction. DBT has been shown to be efficacious for the treatment of BPD patients and it has been extended in this study to target addictive behaviors in these patients. The study consists of three treatment parts: weekly individual and group therapy and suboxone maintenance medication. Participants are provided therapy on a weekly basis for one year and suboxone for 2 years. Assessments for tracking outcome are conducted every 4 months.

It is hypothesized patients in the DBT condition will show a reduction of substance use, parasuicidal and other psychological difficulties and these gains will be maintained through the year of follow-up assessments. In addition, it is predicted that adherence to DBT treatment protocols will be associated with improved outcomes. Finally, it is predicted that treatment "dosage" (average hours of therapy/week) will be positively related to clinical improvement.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dialectical Behavior Therapy Individual and Group Drug Counseling Behavioral: DBT Behavioral: I/GDC Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The study design is a two arm randomized clinical trial comparing a one year treatment program of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) + suboxone for heroin addicted individuals meeting criteria for borderline personality disorder (BPD) to a one year program of standard drug counseling (I/GDC) + suboxone. Drug counseling will consist of manualized individual sessions + group therapy. Participants in both conditions will be prescribed psychotropic medications following a standardized medication protocol developed specifically for BPD individuals. Each site will enroll 86 clients with both treatment conditions being conducted at each site. Assessments measuring drug use, suicidal behaviors, retention and other treatment-related behaviors, general psychopathology and functioning, and increases in behavioral skills will be given at four month intervals for two years

There are five outcome domains of principal interest in this study:

  1. Drug use: The primary outcome measure here is proportions of urinalysis (UA) coded positive for opiates;
  2. Suicidal behaviors: The primary outcome measure here is number of suicides + suicide attempts. The domain of suicidal behaviors also includes (a) the number, medical risk, risk/rescue score and suicide intent of all parasuicide, (b) the number of suicide threats and suicide crises, and (c) the level of suicidal ideation and suicide intent;
  3. Therapy-interfering behaviors: The primary outcome measure here is maintenance in therapy;
  4. Quality of life interfering behaviors: The primary outcome measure here is combined number of days on a psychiatric inpatient unit + days in jail (THI, SHI);
  5. Behavioral skills: The primary outcome measure here is the DBT Skills scale score from the Revised Ways of Coping Checklist (RWCCL);
  6. Risky sexual behavior: the primary outcome measure here is the number of risky sexual behaviors in the time period [Casual Partners questionnaire revised [CPQ-R] and diary card].

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 39 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of Dialectical Behavior Therapy in Treatment of Opioid Addiction and Emotional Problems
Study Start Date : August 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: DBT Behavioral: DBT
Dialectical behavior therapy plus opiate replacement medication.
Active Comparator: I/GDC Behavioral: I/GDC
Individual and group drug counseling plus opiate replacement medication.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Psychological assessment interview [ Time Frame: Baseline, 4-month, 8-month, 12-month, 16-month, 20-month, 24-month ]
  2. Urinalysis [ Time Frame: 3x/week during active treatment; 1x/week during follow-up year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pre- and post-session therapist and client questionnaires [ Time Frame: 1x/week during active treatment ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Meets SCID-I criteria for opiate dependence.
  2. Meets IPDE and SCID criteria for BPD (DSM-IV)
  3. Over 18 years old
  4. Resides within commuting distance of treatment
  5. Consents to outpatient treatment for drug addiction

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Bipolar, Schizophrenia, Schizophreniform, or Schizoaffective Disorders, Psychosis NOS
  2. IQ less than 70; life threatening anorexia; current and chronic absence of shelter; impending jail/prison for more than three weeks (problems which by their presence or severity preclude ability to attend or understand treatment and/or requires priority treatment over SUD treatment)
  3. Court order to treatment, court order to treatment or to jail, or agency order to treatment or loss of child custody (due to consequent inability to freely drop-out of treatment)
  4. Is pregnant, plans to become pregnant during treatment phase, or becomes pregnant before random assignment to study condition
  5. Is unable to tolerate suboxone induction phase
  6. Is currently stable on an adequate dose of methadone
  7. Current benzodiazepine abuse or dependence
  8. Refuses: to discontinue current mental health or drug abuse treatment or random assignment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00218595

United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27705
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Principal Investigator: Zachary Rosenthal, Ph.D. Duke University

Responsible Party: Duke University Identifier: NCT00218595     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00010957
5R01DA026454-03 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 22, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 1, 2014
Last Verified: January 2013