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Immunological Consequences of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier:
First received: September 13, 2005
Last updated: October 1, 2015
Last verified: August 2009

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a medical problem whose importance is increasing in recognition and awareness. OSA is associated with the development of hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases (1,2). OSA has pathophysiologic characteristics that are known to negatively impact immune function. Both sleep deprivation and hypoxia, hallmarks of OSA, impair immune responses (6,8,11). In addition, patients with OSA are frequently obese and obesity may be associated with increased chance of infections and immune impairment (14,15). Adipose cells are known to secrete cytokines and hormones that are involved in the immune response such as leptin, tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-6 (16-19). Thus, it seems very likely that OSA may impact antigen-specific immune responses. Although it is known that characteristics of OSA impact immune function, it is not known what effects clinical OSA has on immunity.

The central hypothesis of this application is that that patients with obstructive sleep apnea will have attenuated cell-mediated and humoral immune responses to influenza vaccine compared to matched control subjects. Our hypothesis has been formulated on the basis that patients with OSA are sleep deprived and experience repeated hypoxemia that negatively impact both humoral and cell-mediated immune responses.

Condition Intervention
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Biological: Influenza vaccine

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Official Title: Influence of Obstructive Sleep Apnea on Humoral and Cell-Mediated Vaccine Responses

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary outcome variable will be mean lymphocyte interferon- ÿ (IFN- ÿ) production at 14 days (measured by ELISA)

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean influenza antibody concentrations (pre- and post-immunization) with standard deviations will be calculated and compared between sleep apnea and control patients.

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: October 2004
Study Completion Date: June 2006
Primary Completion Date: June 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Absence of any immunocompromising diseases or medical conditions
  • Not taking any immune modifying medications or supplements
  • Significant obstructive sleep apnea as verified by complete overnight polysomnography with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) > 15 events per hour (sleep apnea subjects)
  • Free of sleep disordered breathing verified by complete overnight polysomnography (AHI < 5 events per hour) or oximetry (< 5 desaturations per hour) (control subjects)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Documented history of allergy to influenza vaccine or any of its components
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00214071

United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53719
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Principal Investigator: John M Dopp, PharmD University of Wisconsin, Madison
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier: NCT00214071     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2003-284
Study First Received: September 13, 2005
Last Updated: October 1, 2015

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Signs and Symptoms
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Sleep Wake Disorders
Nervous System Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on April 27, 2017