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Darbepoetin Treatment of Anemia in Children With Chronic Renal Failure

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00213291
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 21, 2005
Last Update Posted : August 26, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Denis Geary, The Hospital for Sick Children

Brief Summary:
This is a study to determine the safety and effectiveness of Darbepoetin (Aranesp) given every 14 to 28 days to treat low red blood cells in children with chronic kidney failure.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Kidney Failure, Chronic Drug: darbepoetin alfa Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Erythropoietin (EPO) is a glycoprotein synthesized in the kidneys which regulates the rate of proliferation and differentiation of red blood cell precursors. The main cause of anemia in children with chronic renal failure is deficiency of EPO production as a result of declining renal function. Recombinant human EPO (rHuEPO) is a synthetic erythropoietin that is structurally and functionally similar to naturally occuring EPO. Treatment of anemia using rHuEPO has been associated with an improvement in the quality of life for patients, likely attributable to an increased production in hemoglobin and a reduction of dilatation of the heart. Recently, an analogue of EPO with two extra oligosaccharide chins, darbepoetin alfa, has been described as having a more prolonged effect requiring less frequent dosing.

There are currently no data available on the efficacy of darbepoetin alfa administered every 14-28 days for children. The most common dosing schedules in the clinical trial at HSC are every 7, 10, and 14 days. Due to reports of increased pain associated with the SC injection, and confusion of caregivers when the 10 day dosing schedule is necessary, the goals of the current proposal are to: 1) Decrease the frequency of SC injections and 2)Eliminate the 10 day dosing schedule for the administration of Darbepoetin.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Extended Dosing of Darbepoetin Alfa (Aranesp) for the Management of Anemia in Children With Chronic Renal Failure
Study Start Date : April 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2005
Study Completion Date : October 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1 Drug: darbepoetin alfa
Darbepoetin alfa will be administered by SC/IV injection every 14-28 days. Patients starting on the 14 day dose regimen will receive two times their baseline weekly dose; patients on the 28 day schedule will receive four times their average weekly dose. The exception to a Q14 or Q28 dosing schedule will be for patients requiring 10 mcg every 10 days. These patients will go to 20 mcg Q21 days before extending to the Q28 day schedule. Naive patients will start on a dose of 0.9 mcg/kg every 14 days. Study subjects who are successfully treated for 12 weeks on the 14 day schedule may be enrolled in the 28 day schedule study.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The safety of darbepoetin when administered at an increased dosing interval [ Time Frame: 40 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and tolerability of darbepoetin [ Time Frame: 40 weeks ]
  2. Proportion of subjects who receive red blood cell transfusions [ Time Frame: 40 weeks ]
  3. Percentage of Hb data points that exceed upper target of 125 g/L [ Time Frame: 16-36 weeks ]
  4. Incidence of anti-erythropoietin antibody formation [ Time Frame: 40 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • diagnosis of chronic renal insufficiency or end stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring dialysis
  • clinically stable
  • hemoglobin of 110-125 g/L in screening period; for naive subjects, hemoglobin < 110 g/L
  • not iron deficient (TSAT > 19.5%) within 4 weeks of study entry
  • stable darbepoetin alpha therapy administered IV or SC q7 to q21 days OR darbepoetin alpha naive
  • written informed consent from parent/legal guardian
  • less than 18 years old
  • weight at least 10 kg
  • females of childbearing potential must practice adequate contraception
  • availability for follow-up assessments

Exclusion Criteria:

  • scheduled for a living donor kidney transplant within 12 weeks of signing consent
  • uncontrolled blood pressure as judged by principal investigator
  • change in seizure pattern in past 30 days; grand-mal seizure 12 weeks before enrollment
  • current clinical evidence of severe hyperparathyroidism
  • major surgery 2 weeks before signing consent
  • active inflammatory disease or condition requiring immunosuppressive therapy
  • currently receiving antibiotics for active systemic infection
  • peritoneal dialysis patient with an episode of peritonitis within the past 30 days
  • known HIV antibody positivity
  • known antibodies to rHuEPO
  • known aluminum toxicity
  • known red cell aplasia
  • known malignancy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00213291

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Canada, Ontario
The Hospital for Sick Children
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 1X8
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Hospital for Sick Children
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Principal Investigator: Denis F Geary, MD The Hospital For Sick Children, Toronto Canada
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Responsible Party: Denis Geary, Nephrologist, The Hospital for Sick Children Identifier: NCT00213291    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1000004731
First Posted: September 21, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 26, 2013
Last Verified: August 2013
Keywords provided by Denis Geary, The Hospital for Sick Children:
chronic kidney failure
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Renal Insufficiency
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Hematologic Diseases
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Darbepoetin alfa