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Pharmacokinetic/ Pharmacodynamic Study of Epoetin Alfa (PROCRIT) in Critically Ill Patients.

This study has been completed.
Ortho Biotech Products, L.P.
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C. Identifier:
First received: September 13, 2005
Last updated: June 8, 2011
Last verified: April 2010
The purpose of this study is to describe the pharmacokinetics (PK) of six different dosing regimens of epoetin alfa (PROCRIT®) in anemic critically ill subjects

Condition Intervention Phase
Critical Illness
Drug: epoetin alfa
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Comparative Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Study of Epoetin Alfa (PROCRIT) in Anemic Critically Ill Patients Randomized to One of Six Dose Regimens for 15 Days

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary objective of this study is to describe the PK profiles of six different dosing regimens of epoetin alfa in anemic critically ill subjects, including regimen A, that is being used in a large registration trial

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine reticulocyte response (absolute and %) to the six dosing regimens, as well as the Hb, Hct, and RBC count response. Compare the PD profiles of each dosing regimen to dosing regimen A. describe the safety profile of the six dosing regimens.

Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: February 2004
Study Completion Date: February 2006
Detailed Description:
Currently, the optimal dosing regimen for achieving and maintaining target Hb concentrations in various clinical settings remains incompletely defined. Both IV and SC routes of administration are used in the clinical setting and have been shown to be effective despite different bioavailability and pharmacokinetic profiles. This study is designed to describe the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles of several different epoetin alfa dosing regimens administered by both IV and SC routes in anemic critically ill patients admitted to a critical care area. The dosing regimens selected will be compared among themselves and against the 40,000 IU SC weekly dosing regimen (A) being used in a large registration trial. Specifically, the six dosing regimens were selected to gather PK and PD data about the following questions: 1) Will an early large Cmax, achieved by IV dosing, stimulate more reticulocytosis? (IV vs. SC dosing regimens A vs. B, C vs. D, E vs. F); 2) Do smaller more frequent doses of the same total dose result in the same PD profile? (A vs. C, B vs. D); 3) Does an IV load improve PD response? (E and F vs. C and D); 4) Do large frequent loading doses accumulate? (A vs. E and B vs. F). Results of this study will provide a pharmacokinetic foundation for understanding and potentially maximizing the pharmacodynamic effects of different dosing options in the critically ill patient. In order to maximize subject safety, all dosing will cease when subject's hemoglobin is > 13g/dL. Group A:40 K SC Qw: Days 1,8,15; Group B:40 K IV Qw: Days 1,8,15; Group C:15 K SC QOD: Days 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15; Group D:15 K IV QOD: Days 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15; Group E:40 K SC Days 1 and 3, then 15 K SC QOD: Days 5,7,9,11,13,15; Group F: 40 K IV Days 1 and 3, then 15 K SC QOD: Days 5,7,9,11,13,15

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Critically ill subject admitted to a critical care area with a medical diagnosis, (non-surgical, non-trauma) and without evidence of acute blood loss
  • or Critically ill subject who develops a medical diagnosis after surgery or trauma and who has no evidence of active bleeding within the prior week and no current transfusion needs
  • Expected hospital stay of >= 7 days beyond study entry, age >=18 years
  • Hb:<=12 g/dL.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Primary admitting diagnosis to the critical care area of acute ischemic cardiac disease or ischemic neurological disease (including but not limited to myocardial infarction or unstable angina, transient ischemic attack, cerebrovascular event)
  • History of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE)
  • Iron deficiency (defined as serum ferritin <50 micrograms/L)
  • History of untreated chronic B12 or Folate deficiency (e.g. pernicious anemia). Patients with B12 and folate deficiencies being treated currently may enter the study
  • Renal failure on dialysis, including continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), at the time of enrollment
  • Evidence of acute blood loss within 1 week of enrollment or an active diagnosis of acute or chronic blood loss or hemolysis.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00210756

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Ortho Biotech Products, L.P.
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  More Information

Additional Information: Identifier: NCT00210756     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR004603
Study First Received: September 13, 2005
Last Updated: June 8, 2011

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
Epoetin alfa
erythropoetin recombinant
Critical care
critical illness, intensive care,

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Critical Illness
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Epoetin Alfa
Hematinics processed this record on April 25, 2017