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Arimidex/Faslodex/Iressa Study: A Trial Using Arimidex, Faslodex and Iressa in Women With Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00206414
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Difficulty accruing subjects the study accrual was closed)
First Posted : September 21, 2005
Last Update Posted : February 5, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Baylor Breast Care Center

Brief Summary:
The investigators want to know if combining Arimidex and Faslodex with Iressa will be an effective treatment for breast cancer. They also want to know, using special tests on the tumor, the changes that occur with the treatment so they can try to improve their treatment for breast cancer in the future.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
BREAST CANCER Drug: Iressa Day 1 given with Arimidex and Faslodex Drug: Iressa Day 21 given with Arimidex and Faslodex Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Over the last three decades, a steady shift has occurred in the management of breast cancer. Because it was traditionally viewed as a local disease, many advocated the use of radical surgery to achieve maximum survival benefit. This view has been slowly replaced by a broader biologic view that recognizes the often systemic nature of breast cancer, even when it appears to be localized to the breast. Results from randomized clinical trials have demonstrated that less extensive surgery or lumpectomy plus radiation therapy are optimal for local management of early breast cancer. In addition to the less radical approach to surgical treatment of breast cancer, other randomized clinical trials established the value of postoperative (adjuvant) systemic therapy in improving overall survival by eradicating micrometastatic disease, the major cause of mortality from breast cancer. An improved survival has been shown from using chemotherapy as well as the antiestrogen tamoxifen in the adjuvant setting and has been confirmed through the overview analyses from the Early Breast Cancer Trialist Collaborative Group. Despite the well-documented benefits of adjuvant systemic therapy, it is not effective in preventing death from breast cancer in all patients who are candidates for such treatment. The worth of such therapy can only be judged in retrospect upon disease relapse, a time when breast cancer is nearly always incurable. Currently, there are few reliable methods to predict the success or failure of a particular postoperative treatment modality and better ways to predict and optimize outcome are needed. Preoperative (primary, neoadjuvant) systemic therapy is an alternative approach that is based on a strong rationale. With the tumor still in place and directly accessible, this form of therapy allows direct observation of response to treatment which may predict the likelihood of controlling distant micrometastatic disease and also enables the sampling of tissue to explore molecular correlates of response and also the mechanisms of action of therapeutic agents. Furthermore, it allows early identification of patients with refractory disease who might benefit from alternative treatments before they develop macrometastatic disease and miss the opportunity for a cure. Primary systemic therapy can also help facilitate surgery and debulking of disease in those patients with initially inoperable tumors, as well as improve the odds of breast conservation.

A pivotal trial that established the role of preoperative systemic therapy was the NSABP trial B-187. In this trial, women with localized breast cancer were randomized to receive Adriamycin, Cytoxan (AC) either preoperatively or postoperatively. There was no difference between the two groups in disease-free and overall survival. Furthermore, quantifying tumor response preoperatively allowed prediction of patient outcome in terms of disease-free and overall survival. Specifically, patients achieving a pathologic complete response, i.e., complete disappearance of invasive cancer on pathologic examination, had the best outcome, establishing the role of response as a valid surrogate predictor of the sensitivity of distant micrometastatic disease to chemotherapy and subsequent clinical outcome. In addition, breast-conserving surgery was more frequently performed in the preoperative treatment group, an advantage over the postoperative treatment approach. Most importantly, however, NSABP trial B-18 showed conclusively that primary systemic therapy is safe and does not place patients at a disadvantage by delaying primary surgical treatment. Another large, multicenter prospective trial conducted by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) confirmed the findings of NSABP trial B-18.

Primary study objective:

  • To determine the clinical response rate of primary breast cancer to the combination of Arimidex, Faslodex, and Iressa

Secondary study objectives:

  • To study molecular changes in response to treatment
  • To determine the pathologic response rate
  • To assess the tolerability and safety of the combination regimen

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Arimidex/Faslodex/Iressa Study: A Phase II Trial of Primary Systemic Therapy Using a Combination of Arimidex, Faslodex and Iressa (Gefitinib) in Postmenopausal Women With Hormone Receptor Positive Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : January 2003
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Iressa Day 1 with Arimidex and Faslodex
Subjects randomized to Iressa on Day 1 in combination with Arimidex and Faslodex.
Drug: Iressa Day 1 given with Arimidex and Faslodex
timing of administration of iressa is the study factor
Other Name: gefitinib

Active Comparator: Iressa Day 21 with Arimidex and Faslodex
Subjects randomized to Iressa Day 21 in combination with Arimidex and Faslodex
Drug: Iressa Day 21 given with Arimidex and Faslodex
Timing of Iressa is the study factor
Other Name: gefitninb

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Primary study objective - To determine the clinical response rate of primary breast cancer to the combination of Arimidex, Faslodex, and Iressa [ Time Frame: until disdase progression ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Secondary study objectives - To study molecular changes in response to treatment, to determine the pathologic response rate, and to assess the tolerability and safety of the combination regimen [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. All subjects must be female
  2. Postmenopausal status, defined as any one of the following criteria:

    1. documented history of bilateral oophorectomy;
    2. age 60 years or more;
    3. ages 45 to 59 and satisfying one or more of the following criteria:

      • amenorrhea for at least 12 months and intact uterus;
      • amenorrhea for less than 12 months and a follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) concentration within premenopausal range including:

        • patients who have had a hysterectomy;
        • patients who have received hormone replacement.
  3. Patients must have histologically confirmed invasive breast cancer with a primary tumor of 3 cm or more in greatest dimension as measured by clinical examination.
  4. Estrogen receptor and/or progesterone receptor positive disease
  5. Patients must not have received any prior treatment for current or newly diagnosed breast cancer.
  6. Patients must have not received previous treatment with any of the study medications or similar drugs.
  7. No use of selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERM) such as raloxifene or similar agents in the past 2 years.
  8. World Health Organization (WHO) performance status of 0, 1, or 2
  9. Adequate organ function defined as follows:

    1. adequate renal function, defined by a serum creatinine within 3 times the upper limits of normal;
    2. adequate liver function, defined by total bilirubin, AST, ALT, and alkaline phosphatase within 3 times the upper limits of normal;
    3. adequate bone marrow function, defined as a white blood cell (WBC) > 3.0 ml, platelet (PLT) > 75,000/ul, hemoglobin (Hb) > 9 gm/l
  10. Willing to undergo breast core biopsies as required by the study protocol
  11. Ability to understand and sign a written informed consent for participation in the trial
  12. Life expectancy of at least 1 year.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known severe hypersensitivity to Iressa or any of the excipients of this product
  2. Premenopausal status
  3. Patients with synchronous bilateral breast cancer
  4. Patients with diffuse tumors that cannot be clearly measurable, such as inflammatory breast cancer
  5. Other coexisting malignancies with the exception of basal cell carcinoma or cervical cancer in situ
  6. Patients with brain metastasis
  7. WHO performance status of 3 or 4
  8. As judged by the investigator, uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to: ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, significant cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  9. Evidence of any other significant clinical disorder or laboratory finding that makes it undesirable for the subject to participate in the clinical trial.
  10. Concomitant use of phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifampicin, barbiturates, or St. John's wort
  11. Concurrent treatment with estrogens or progestins. Patients must stop these drugs at least two weeks prior to study entry.
  12. Treatment with a non-approved or investigational drug within 30 days before Day 1 of study treatment
  13. Platelet count less than 75,000
  14. In the opinion of the investigator, bleeding diathesis or anticoagulation therapy that would preclude intramuscular injections.
  15. History of hypersensitivity to castor oil
  16. Any evidence of clinically active interstitial lung disease (patients with chronic stable radiographic changes who are asymptomatic need not be excluded).
  17. Patients with recurrent breast cancer. Patients with contralateral second primary breast cancers are eligible.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00206414

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United States, Texas
Baylor Breast Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Baylor Breast Care Center
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Principal Investigator: Mothaffar Rimawi, MD Baylor Breast Center
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Baylor Breast Care Center Identifier: NCT00206414    
Other Study ID Numbers: H-14732
First Posted: September 21, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 5, 2013
Last Verified: February 2013
Keywords provided by Baylor Breast Care Center:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Aromatase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Estrogen Receptor Antagonists