The Role of Amylin and Glucagon in T1DM
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Role of Amylin and Glucagon in the Management of Normalizing Glucose Excursions in Children With Type 1 Diabetes|
- Area under the curve for glucose
- Glucagon and gastric emptying
|Study Start Date:||July 2002|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2005|
Objective: To develop a new treatment approach in the prevention of hypo and hyperglycemia in children with type 1diabetes.
Background/Rationale: The diabetes control and complications trial (DCCT) showed that improving blood sugar control for individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) stopped or delayed the onset of long-term complications. As a result of the study, intensive management to control blood sugar and glycosylated hemoglobin as near to normal as safely as possible is advocated. However, hypoglycemia was increased 3 fold in the DCCT study and is the major limiting factor in gaining “tight” control of blood sugar in T1DM.
Description of Project: In health individuals, “after meal” blood sugar level is very carefully controlled. Insulin (the hormone that lowers blood sugar) and glucagon (the hormone that raises blood sugar) play a key role in maintaining this careful balance. Recently we understand that a hormone called amylin also contributes to this careful after meal blood glucose balance. Amylin in the immediate after meal period works by reducing glucagon, which in turn reduces the liver releasing stored sugar into the blood stream.
In T1DM, there is the lack of insulin and failure of glucagon suppression leading to hyperglycemia immediately following when food is eaten. Also, glucagon is not regulated correctly after a meal. The glucagon normally produced by the body does not increase in response to hypoglycemia thus interfering with the delicate balance between glucose production and glucose used. Therefore, it is difficult to get normal blood sugar when someone has type1 diabetes.
Currently, the treatment for mild to moderate hypoglycemia causing a sudden feeling of racing heart, feeling sweaty, weak or hungry is to eat or drink carbohydrate in the awake person. Severe hypoglycemia (unconsciousness due to low blood sugar) is treated with a glucagon shot. Unfortunately, there are no treatments to prevent mild or severe hypoglycemia.
The purpose of this study is to see if giving pramlintide (manmade amylin) and insulin before a meal would lower hyperglycemia and if a glucagon shot given in the late “after meal” time would prevent hypoglycemia and allow the blood sugar levels to improve in people with T1DM. The studies outlined in this proposal might help in developing new treatment options to target “after meal” hyperglycemia high blood glucose and before meal hypoglycemia in children. This study for the first time will investigate the role of glucagon in the causation of hyperglycemia and its role in the prevention of hypoglycemia.
Relevance to Type 1 diabetes: Using naturally occurring hormones that are dysregulated or deficient in T1DM we wish to restore normal glucose concentration in T1DM. Such treatment if successful would be a major breakthrough in the prevention of hyper and hypoglycemia and in decreasing both short and long-term complications associated with T1DM.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00206258
|United States, Texas|
|Baylor College of Medicine|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Rubina Heptulla, MD||Baylor College of Medicine|