Primary Outcome Measures:
- Family Needs Questionnaire (FNQ) [ Time Frame: pre-treatment, post-treatment, 3 mo. follow-up ]
The Family Needs Questionnaire (FNQ) is a widely used 40-item self-report questionnaire developed to measure family members' perceived needs after a family member sustains a brain injury. The items were designed to address diverse psychosocial and educational needs apparent in the acute and post-acute phases after injury. Family members rate the degree to which they perceive that each need has been met (not met, partly met, or met). A factor analytic investigation revealed six independent factors comprising six scales: Health Information, Emotional Support, Instrumental Support, Professional Support, Community Support Network, and Involvement with Care. The proportion of needs described as met (converted to a 10 point scale) was the primary family outcome measure.
Behavioral: Brain Injury Family Intervention (BIFI)
The Brain Injury Family Intervention (BIFI) was developed over the last decade based upon considerable clinical experience and research review. The BIFI is a structured approach to helping families address their most common and salient issues, concerns, and challenges. The BIFI is implemented in five 90-minute sessions.
Other Name: BIFI
To evaluate the efficacy of a structured outpatient family intervention program (BIFI) on family members' emotional well being, life satisfaction, needs, and family functioning; and to evaluate the impact of the BIFI on the emotional well being, life satisfaction, functional independence, vocational status, and neurobehavioral functioning of persons with acquired brain injury (ABI).