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Based on theories regarding decision-making and patient education the investigators have developed Patient-Centered Advance Care Planning (PC-ACP). This intervention is designed to improve patient and surrogate knowledge of ACP, increase the congruence between patient and surrogate in treatment decisions, decrease the patient's and surrogate's conflict in making such decisions, and increase the consistency between patient preferences and the actual care they receive. The ACP intervention is conducted with the patient in the presence of the surrogate.
Condition or disease
Heart FailureRenal Failure
Behavioral: Patient-Centered Advance Care Planning
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
At high risk for impending death in the next 12 months