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Treatment of Menstrual Migraine With Sequential, Transdermal, 17-Beta-Estradiol. A Double-Blind, Randomised, Cross-Over Trial.

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified September 2005 by University Hospital, Linkoeping.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
Information provided by:
University Hospital, Linkoeping Identifier:
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: December 28, 2005
Last verified: September 2005
The purpose of this study is to determine whether transdermally administered 17-beta estradiol sequentially could reduce the number of, and severity of, menstrual migraine attacks.

Condition Intervention Phase
Migraine Drug: 17-beta-estradiol (drug) Phase 2 Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University Hospital, Linkoeping:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of migraine attacks
  • Severeity of migraine attacks
  • Analgetics used

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Bleeding disturbances

Study Start Date: October 2001
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2005
Detailed Description:

During the fertile ages, migraine is more common in women than in men (3:1). Hormonal factors has been proposed to affect this difference and it has been shown that a rapid decrease in serum concentrations of estrogens might trigger an attack.About 15 percent of all women with migraine suffer from menstrual migraine which means that the attacks only come during the menstrual period and start +/- 24 hours of the bleeding start, i.e when there is a rapid decrease in serum concentrations of sex hormones.

Stabilizing the serum concentrations of estrogens seems to be crucial in the prophylactic treatment of menstrual migraine. A number of studies have focused on treatment with estradiol during the menstrual cycle but results are conflicting and doses and control groups have varied a lot. other studies have tried to reduce the exposition of estrogens by treatment with, for example, GnRH analogues. This treatment stabilizes the woman's serum concentrations of sex hormones on a very low level, like during the menopause, and it seems to be effective but there are a number of side-effects and the treatment is expensive.

Comparison: In a double-blind, randomized cross-over trial women with strictly defined menstrual migraine will receive treatment with 100 microg 17-beta estradiol/placebo transdermally one week before the estimated start of the menstrual bleeding and twoo weeks on. After three cycles and a wash-out period the treatment will be repeated but now with the tratment the woman did not have during the first treatment period. The women serve as their own controls.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Migraine only during the menstrual period
  • Migraine attacks each menstrual period during the last year
  • Regular menstrual cycle

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Migraine other times than during the menstrual period
  • Use of hormonal contraceptives (other than depo-provera)during the last three months.
  • Depo-provera injection the last year
  • History of Thrombo-embolism
  • Liver disease
  • History of malignancy
  • Breast-feeding during the last two months
  • Abortion/miscarriage during the last two months
  • Pregnancy
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00204074

Division of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences
Linköping, Sweden, SE-58185
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Linkoeping
Principal Investigator: Jan Brynhildsen Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University Hospital, SE-58185, Linköping, Sweden
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number): Identifier: NCT00204074     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Mensmig1
Study First Received: September 12, 2005
Last Updated: December 28, 2005

Keywords provided by University Hospital, Linkoeping:
Menstrual cycle
17 beta-estradiol
Transdermal administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Migraine Disorders
Headache Disorders, Primary
Headache Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Polyestradiol phosphate
Estradiol 3-benzoate
Estradiol 17 beta-cypionate
Estradiol valerate
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Contraceptive Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Contraceptive Agents, Female processed this record on July 19, 2017