A Study of Istradefylline (KW-6002) for the Treatment of Parkinson's Disease in Patients Taking Levodopa
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To establish the efficacy of 20 mg/day and 40 mg/day doses of istradefylline for reducing the percentage of OFF time in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) treated with levodopa.
Condition or disease
Drug: Istradefylline (KW-6002)
To establish the efficacy of 20 mg/d and 40mg/d doses of istradefylline for reducing the percentage of OFF time in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) treated with levodopa. Patients who meet entry criteria will be randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio to double blind treatment with oral doses of 20 or 40mg/d istradefylline or matching placebo. Patients will be treated for 12 weeks and will have interim visits and end of treatment visit to assess the efficacy and safety of istradefylline.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
30 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
UK Parkinson's Disease Society (UKPDS) brain bank criteria (Step 1 and 2) for PD.
PD stages 2-4 in the OFF state for Modified Hoehn and Yahr Scale.
On levodopa/DCI for at least one year, stable dose in past 4 weeks.
Currently take at least three doses of levodopa/DCI per day.
Predictable end of dose wearing off.
Able to satisfactorily complete Hauser version of a Parkinson's diary.
Have an average of 120 minutes of OFF time on two 24 hour diaries.
On a stable regimen of medications being administered within normal therapeutic limits for Parkinson's disease for at least four weeks before randomization.
Be at least 30 years of age.
Neurosurgical treatment for PD.
History of psychosis.
Diagnosis of atypical Parkinsonism or secondary Parkinsonism variant.
Diagnosis of cancer within 5 years.
Diagnosis of clinically significant illness of any organ system.
Mini-mental status examination score of 25 or less.
Taking any excluded medications.
History of drug or alcohol abuse or dependence within the past two years.
History of seizures or neurological malignant syndrome.