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Lactobacillus Rhamnosus in Prevention of Chemotherapy-related Diarrhoea

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Helsinki University Central Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Heikki Joensuu, Helsinki University Identifier:
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: March 4, 2016
Last verified: March 2016
Chemotherapy may cause diarrhoea, which may be associated with treatment delay and infections. The purpose of the study is to investigate whether oral supplementation with lactobacilli will alleviate chemotherapy related diarrhoea. Patients diagnosed with advanced colorectal cancer and who will receive chemotherapy will be randomly assigned to receive either lactobacilli or placebo during chemotherapy. The study is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. The primary outcome measure is frequency of moderate/severe diarrhoea. The study will also address safety and tolerability of chemotherapy, response to chemotherapy, and serum growth factor levels.

Condition Intervention Phase
Colorectal Cancer
Dietary Supplement: Lactobacillus Rhamnosus supplementation
Other: Placebo administration.
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo Controlled, Cross-over Phase II Study on the Effects of Lactobacillus Rhamnosus GG Supplementation in Patients on 1st Line XELOXA Treatment for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Helsinki University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Effect on the treatment-related grade 2 to 4 diarrhoea [ Time Frame: 18 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Effect on treatment related toxicity other than diarrhea [ Time Frame: 18 weeks ]
  • Association between supplementation and response [ Time Frame: 18 weeks ]
  • Effect on resectability of liver metastases [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  • Effect on serum growth factor levels [ Time Frame: 18 weeks ]

Estimated Enrollment: 84
Study Start Date: September 2005
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: May 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Lactophilus
Lactophilus supplementation
Dietary Supplement: Lactobacillus Rhamnosus supplementation
Lactophilus supplementation is administered during chemotherapy.
Other Name: Probiotics
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo is administered during chemotherapy.
Dietary Supplement: Lactobacillus Rhamnosus supplementation
Lactophilus supplementation is administered during chemotherapy.
Other Name: Probiotics
Other: Placebo administration.
Placebo is administered during chemotherapy.
Other Name: Placebo.

Detailed Description:
This is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, cross-over, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients diagnosed with advanced colorectal cancer with overt distant metastases and who will receive chemotherapy consisting of capecitabine, oxaliplatin and bevacizumab, given as 3-weekly cycles, will be randomly assigned to receive either lactobacilli (GefilusR) or placebo during the first 3 cycles of chemotherapy (for 9 weeks). Following this, the groups will be crossed over and those study participants who were allocated to lactobacilli will receive placebo for 9 weeks, and vice versa. Lactobacilli and placebo are administered twice daily. The total daily dose of lactobacilli is 20 billion CFU. The primary outcome measure is frequency of moderate/severe diarrhoea (grade 2-4). Adverse effects (including the frequency of diarrhoea, flatulence, bloating, constipation, and nausea) will be longitudinally monitored based on a patient diary and study visits. The study will also address safety and tolerability of chemotherapy, response to chemotherapy, progression-free survival, resectability of liver metastases, and serum growth factor levels. A total of 84 patients are planned to be entered.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with histologically confirmed diagnosis of CRC, chemotherapy naïve for metastatic disease (prior adjuvant chemotherapy for CRC allowed), who are scheduled to start capecitabine treatment as first line chemotherapy for metastatic disease
  • Age 18 or older
  • Measurable or non-measurable metastatic disease
  • Performance status ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Life expectancy greater than 3 months
  • Thrombocytes 100,000/µL or greater, neutrophils 1.500/µl or greater, Aspartate amino transferase/Alanine amino transferase <= 2.5 x Upper limit of normal (ULN) (< 5 x ULN if liver metastases present), Alkaline phosphatase <=2.5 x ULN (< 5 x ULN if liver metastases present), Serum bilirubin <= 1.5 x ULN, Serum Creatinine <= 1.5 x ULN, Urine dipstick of proteinuria <2+ (or U-Prot <100mg/dl). Patients discovered to have 2+ or greater proteinuria on dipstick urinalysis at baseline, must undergo a 24-hour urine collection and must have <= 1 g of protein/24 hr
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test done prior to the administration of bevacizumab. Patient and their partner should prevent pregnancy (oral contraceptives, intrauterine contraceptive device, barrier method of contraception in conjunction with spermicidal jelly or surgically sterile) up to at least 6 months after last treatment completion or the last drug dose, whatever happens first
  • Signed written informed consent according to ICH/GCP and the local regulations (approved by the Independent Ethics Committee [IEC]) will be obtained prior to any study specific screening procedures
  • Patient must be able to comply with the protocol

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior treatment with first-line chemotherapy for metastatic CRC
  • Adjuvant treatment with bevacizumab within 12 months
  • Acute or chronic diarrhea or colostomy
  • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to Day 0 (Patients must have recovered from any major surgery)
  • Near future planned radiotherapy for underlying disease (prior completed radiotherapy treatment allowed)
  • Clinical or radiological evidence of CNS metastases
  • Past or current history within the last 5 years of malignancies except for the indication under this study and curatively treated Basal and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or In-situ carcinoma of the cervix
  • Serious non-healing wound or ulcer
  • Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Clinically significant (i.e. active) cardiovascular disease for example cerebrovascular accidents (≤ 6 months), myocardial infarction (≤ 6 months), unstable angina, New York Heart Association (NYHA) grade II or greater congestive heart failure, serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication
  • Treatment with any investigational drug (including IMMP, EGFR inhibitors) or participation in another investigational study within 30 days prior to enrolment
  • Evidence of other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the treatment or patient at high risk from treatment complications
  • Ongoing treatment with aspirin (> 325 mg/day), continuous high dose NSAIDS or other medications known to predispose to gastrointestinal ulceration
  • Pregnancy (positive serum pregnancy test) and lactation
  • Any other serious or uncontrolled illness which, in the opinion of the investigator, makes it undesirable for the patient to enter the trial
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00197873

Department of Oncology
Helsinki, Finland, FIN-00029
Sponsors and Collaborators
Helsinki University
Helsinki University Central Hospital
Study Director: Heikki Joensuu, M.D. Department of Oncology, Helsinki University Central Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: Heikki Joensuu, professor, Helsinki University Identifier: NCT00197873     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ML18581
Study First Received: September 12, 2005
Last Updated: March 4, 2016

Keywords provided by Helsinki University:
colorectal cancer
adverse effects

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases processed this record on April 28, 2017