Try our beta test site
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...

Cognitive Function and Cue-Reactivity Study

This study has been completed.
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Temple University Identifier:
First received: September 13, 2005
Last updated: June 28, 2013
Last verified: August 2007
We are interested in testing differences in cognitive function and food reactivity at various time points in individuals following low and high carbohydrate diets. We wish to achieve an understanding of these time-specific differences using repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA), with diet condition (low vs. high carbohydrate) as a between subject factor and time as a within-subject factor.

Cognitive Performance
Food Cravings

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Cognitive Performance and Food Reactivity During High and Low Carbohydrate Obesity Treatment

Further study details as provided by Temple University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • the relationships between cognitive and physiological reactivity to food and non-food cues [ Time Frame: 2 year period ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples Without DNA
salivary cortisol

Enrollment: 29
Study Start Date: August 2003
Study Completion Date: March 2010
Primary Completion Date: March 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Participants will be recruited from the parent study The Safety and Efficacy of Low and High Carbohydrate Diets. Participants will attend one 30-minute training session to learn the computer tasks and rate food desirability. Participants will rate their desire to eat "24" foods on a "9"-point Likert scale (e.g., 1 = do not desire at all; 5 = neutral, neither desire nor not desire; 9 = desire extremely). These ratings will be used to establish emotionally salient and neutral cues for the computerized tests (i.e., Cue Reactivity and Stroop test) used during the study.

Each individual will participate on separate occasions in one 45-60 minute testing session before onset of treatment (week 0), and four 45-60 minute testing sessions that coincide with treatment assessments in the approved study (weeks 12, 26, 54). Testing will be conducted one and a half hours following consumption of a standard snack to ensure that all participants are in the same metabolic state. Participants will complete three consecutive computerized tests in the following order: 1) Continual Performance Test (CPT), 2) Stroop test, 3) Cue Reactivity Test. Based on a previous study showing impairments in cognitive function one week after initiation of a low carbohydrate diet, participants will also complete a 5-minute cognitive task (e.g., Continual Performance Task) one and four weeks after modifications in eating have begun. On these weeks, participants will be given a small snack prior to the group meeting. Testing will occur at the conclusion of weekly group meetings, ensuring that participants have abstained from food for approximately one and half hours.

The 15 minute cue reactivity test consists of three cue trials that vary only in terms of the cue presented (one neutral non-food cue, one neutral food cue, and one emotionally salient food cue). The order of these trials will be presented in a counter-balanced order.Participants will complete a VAS questionnaire, rating their feelings of hunger, craving, and anxiety. Participants will insert dental rolls prior to each of three, five-minute cue-presentation trials. While participants insert the dental rolls, the experimenter will place the relevant cue on a platter. This platter will have a divider/ barrier attached to it that obstructs the cue from the participant's view while the experimenter is in the room. After the rolls are inserted and the cue is placed on the platter, the experimenter will leave the room, and rotate the platter via remote control until the cue is in clear view of the participant.5-minute psychophysiologic data (i.e., heart rate, skin conductance) acquisition will begin as the platter is being rotated. Participants will be instructed via audiotape to focus their attention on the cue, imagine picking it up, smelling it, and tasting it, etc. At the end of this 5-minute interval, blood pressure measures will be taken.Participants will remove the dental rolls and place them in a plastic zip-lock bag.The experimenter will return to the room and ask the participant to complete the post-trial VAS questionnaire, rating their feelings of hunger, craving, and anxiety. Then participants will be provided with one ounce of water.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
all participants who took part in the Safety and Efficacy of Low and High Carbohydrate Diets study

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Body mass index between 30 and 40
  • Live and work within 1 hour of the study site
  • Stable psychological status

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of heart disease, heart attack, or stroke
  • Blood pressure > 140/90 mmHG
  • Abnormal cholesterol levels
  • Significant psychiatric illness
  • Any medication that affects weight or metabolic rate
  • Presence or history of a chronic disease that is known to affect appetite, food intake, or metabolism (i.e. diabetes, thyroid disease or cancer).
  • Currently using antidepressants, steroids, tobacco or illegal drugs
  • Pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning pregnancy
  • 10 lb change in weight within 6 months of study entry
  • History of malignant arrhythmias or cerebrovascular, renal, or hepatic disease
  • History of protein wasting diseases or gout
  • Severe arthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Certain types of hormone replacement therapy
  • Currently following a vegetarian diet
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00194246

United States, Pennsylvania
Temple University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19140
Sponsors and Collaborators
Temple University
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Principal Investigator: Gary D Foster, PhD Temple University - Center for Obesity Research and Education
  More Information

Responsible Party: Temple University Identifier: NCT00194246     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01AT001103-01 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: September 13, 2005
Last Updated: June 28, 2013 processed this record on April 25, 2017