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Study of Aripiprazole (Abilify) in Children With Symptoms of Mania

This study has been completed.
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Robert L Findling, MD, University Hospital Case Medical Center Identifier:
First received: September 11, 2005
Last updated: December 17, 2014
Last verified: December 2014
The purpose of this study is to look at the safety and effectiveness of aripiprazole (abilify) in children with bipolar disorder and to examine whether or not patients that respond to initial mood stabilization benefit from continued pharmacotherapy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Bipolar Disorder
Drug: Aripiprazole
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Aripiprazole in Children With Symptoms of Mania

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time in Weeks to Discontinuation [ Time Frame: up to 72 weeks ]
    Time in weeks to discontinuation due to any reason, including mood event, adverse event, or other.

Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: August 2004
Study Completion Date: January 2011
Primary Completion Date: January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Aripiprazole
Phase I and Phase III are open label Abilify phases where all subjects receive active Abilify
Drug: Aripiprazole
dosing will occur at 2mg, 5mg, 7mg, 10 mg, 12mg, or 15 mg based on weight, side effects and efficacy
Other Name: Abilify
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
in Phase 2 subjects are randomized to either placebo or abilify for up to 72 weeks
Drug: Placebo
subjects in phase 2 will be randomized to active abilify or placebo

Detailed Description:

This outpatient study will be conducted in 3 phases. Phase 1: Patients meeting entry criteria will be treated with open label aripiprazole (APZ) in order to achieve therapeutic doses of this agent. The primary objective of this phase is to stabilize the patient's mood prior to randomization in phase 2. Adjunctive treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) will be permitted during this phase after week 6 of phase 1. In order to be entered into Phase 2, patients must be clinically stable based on a priori criteria (see below). The maximum allowable duration of Phase 1 will be 16 weeks. Only patients who have achieved syndromal remission (not just improvement) will be eligible for randomization into phase 2.

Phase 2: Patients that achieve syndromal remission during Phase 1 will be randomized in a double-blind fashion to receive either ongoing APZ therapy or placebo therapy during Phase 2. Patients who are receiving co-administration of ADHD pharmacotherapy may continue with this during Phase 2. Patients will have an equal chance of being assigned to each of the 2 treatment arms. Randomization strata will be based on whether or not the subject is receiving ADHD pharmacotherapy and whether or not the subject is suffering from Bipolar 1 or 2 disorders. The maximum length of time a patient may remain in phase 2 will be 72 weeks. Youths who develop a major depressive episode, a manic, or mixed episode, or youths for whom continued enrollment in this phase of study is contraindicated (as determined by the patient, guardian, research team or study physician), will be withdrawn from phase 2. Youths who withdraw from phase 2 may enter Phase 3. Reason for removal from phase 2 will be documented. For those youths who successfully complete 72 weeks of participation in phase 2, trial participation will be ended. Those patients who complete phase 2 will receive follow up clinical care either at University Hospitals-Cleveland (UHC) or with a community-based physician.

Phase 3: For youths who are withdrawn during phase 2, 8-weeks of open-label treatment with APZ will be available


Ages Eligible for Study:   4 Years to 9 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Outpatients ages 4-9 years (inclusive)
  • Patients who are anticipated to have a Young Mania Rating Scale (Young et al. 1978) of 15 or higher at baseline
  • Meet DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder type 1 or 2, cyclothymia, or bipolar disorder not otherwise specified (BP NOS) based on the results of both a semi-structured diagnostic research assessment (K-SADS-PL supplemented with mood disorder sections from the WASH-U K-SADS) (Geller et al., 2001; Kaufman et al., 1997) and a clinical interview with a child and adolescent psychiatrist.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have a history of intolerance to APZ at doses of 0.1mg/kg/day
  • Patients who have experienced a manic episode with a documented APZ dose as monotherapy treatment of 0.2 mg/kg/day
  • Patients with an active neurological/medical disorder for which treatment with APZ would be contraindicated
  • Patients with clinical evidence of autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder, Rett's syndrome or other pervasive developmental disorders
  • Patients with clinical evidence of mental retardation
  • Patients who are known to be allergic or hypersensitive to aripiprazole
  • Patients who are unable to swallow pills/capsules
  • Patients for whom the need for hospitalization during the course of the study appears likely
  • Patients who have a general medical or neurological condition (including clinically significant abnormalities on screening laboratories) that may be considered to be the etiology of the patient's mood disorder
  • Patients who have a general medical or neurological condition for which treatment with an atypical antipsychotic would be contraindicated (e.g. tardive dyskinesia)
  • Patients who have a general medical or neurological condition that could interfere with the interpretation of clinical response to APZ treatment
  • Patients taking psychotropic agents (other than psychostimulants) within one week of baseline (2 weeks for fluoxetine; 3 days for psychostimulants)
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00194077

United States, Ohio
University Hospitals Case Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Principal Investigator: Robert L Findling, MD Johns Hopkins University
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Robert L Findling, MD, Director, Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital Case Medical Center Identifier: NCT00194077     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Children with Mania
Study First Received: September 11, 2005
Results First Received: June 26, 2013
Last Updated: December 17, 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar and Related Disorders
Mental Disorders
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs processed this record on April 28, 2017