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Chemotherapy With or Without Surgical Resection in Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer

This study has been completed.
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by:
SCRI Development Innovations, LLC Identifier:
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: May 2, 2011
Last verified: May 2011
In this randomized study, we plan to address the important question of optimum local treatment for patients with localized esophageal cancer. All patients will receive our previously studied neo-adjuvant regimen including paclitaxel, carboplatin, infusional 5-FU, and radiation therapy to 45 Gy. At the completion of neo-adjuvant therapy, patients will be randomized to undergo surgical resection, or to continue radiation to a total dose of 60 Gy, along with one additional course of chemotherapy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Esophagus Cancer
Drug: Paclitaxel
Drug: Carboplatin
Drug: 5-Fluorouracil
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Paclitaxel, Carboplatin, Infusional 5-Fluorouracil, and Radiation Therapy With or Without Surgical Resection in Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by SCRI Development Innovations, LLC:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To compare the efficacy of full dose radiation therapy versus preoperative radiation therapy plus surgical resection, when used in combination with neo-adjuvant chemotherapy, in the treatment of localized esophageal cancer

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To compare the toxicity of these two treatment approaches in localized esophageal cancer
  • To evaluate the utility of clinical restaging in guiding local therapy (surgical resection vs definitive radiation therapy) following neo-adjuvant treatment
  • To evaluate the toxicity of additional chemotherapy and radiation therapy following completion of neo-adjuvant treatment.

Estimated Enrollment: 200
Study Start Date: October 1999
Study Completion Date: July 2007
Primary Completion Date: October 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Upon determination of eligibility, all patients will receive neo-adjuvant therapy with:

Paclitaxel + Carboplatin + 5-Fluorouracil + Radiation

After neo-adjuvant therapy and restaging are completed, patients will be randomized to receive one of two treatments:

  • Surgical resection (Arm A)
  • Paclitaxel + Carboplatin + Radiation (Arm B)

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

To be included in this study, you must meet the following criteria:

  • Cancer of the esophagus or gastroesophageal junction confirmed by biopsy (squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, or adenosquamous carcinoma) clinical stage I, II, or III.
  • Received no previous treatment for esophageal cancer.
  • Measurable or evaluable disease
  • Able to perform activities of daily living with minimal assistance
  • Adequate bone marrow, liver and kidney function
  • Be at least 3 weeks from any major surgical procedures.
  • Have an indwelling central venous access catheter.
  • Patients must be able to understand the nature consent of the study and give written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

You cannot participate in this study if any of the following apply to you:

  • Age < 18 years
  • History of a prior malignancy within the past 5 years
  • History of significant heart disease
  • Inoperable on the basis of co-existent medical problems

Please note: There are additional inclusion/exclusion criteria. The study center will determine if you meet all of the criteria. If you do not qualify for the trial, study personnel will explain the reasons. If you do qualify, study personnel will explain the trial in detail and answer any questions you may have.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00193141

Sponsors and Collaborators
SCRI Development Innovations, LLC
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Principal Investigator: John D. Hainsworth, MD SCRI Development Innovations, LLC
  More Information

Hainsworth JD, Meluch AA, Gray JR, Spigel DR, Meng C, Bearden JD, Hermann R, Greco FA. Concurrent chemoradiation followed by esophageal resection vs chemoradiation alone for localized esophageal cancer. Community Oncology 4:431-439, 2007.

Responsible Party: SCRI Oncology Research Consortium, SCRI Identifier: NCT00193141     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SCRI GI 23
Study First Received: September 12, 2005
Last Updated: May 2, 2011

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Esophageal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on April 28, 2017