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Pharmacokinetics of Mmf and Valganciclovir

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00189150
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 16, 2005
Last Update Posted : May 25, 2016
Hoffmann-La Roche
Information provided by:
University of Michigan

Brief Summary:

The primary objective of this study is to determine whether a clinically significant PK drug interaction ( a 30% difference in the AUC of MPA) exists between mycophenolate mofetil (under steady state conditions) and VGCV in renal and cardiac transplant recipients.

This study will provide clinically relevant information to the transplant community. It will more clearly delineate whether a clinically significant PK drug interaction exists between mycophenolate mofetil (under steady-state conditions)and VGCV. Given the established dose/efficacy relationship of both MMF and VGCV, this study will provide improved dosing guidelines and potentially avoid adverse outcomes due to empiric dosage adjustments.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Kidney Transplant Recipient Heart Transplant Recipient Drug: Mycophenolate mofetil Drug: Valganciclovir Phase 4

Detailed Description:
Mycophenolate mofetil (immunosuppressant, MMF) and valganciclovir (antiviral, VGCV) are commonly administered together in transplant patients. Following oral administration, both MMF and VGCV are metabolized to active forms, mycophenolic acid (MPA) and gancoclovir (GCV) respectively. Both MPA and GCV are eliminated through kidney and renal excretion, but there is no data on how MPA pharmacokinetic parameters are affected by GCV at steady state condition. Both MPA and GCV can cause neutropenia and although unsubstantiated, some clinicians have observed an increased occurrence of neutropenia when these agents are used in combination. In the presence of neutropenia, practitioners are often challenged when making decisions regarding whether the dosage of one or both agents should be reduced. It would be useful to know whether the neutropenia is due to increased drug concentration or whether it is due to direct effects of these agents on the bone marrow.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 16 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pharmacokinetics of Mycophenolate Mofetil Alone and in Combination With Valganciclovir in Renal and Heart Transplant Recipients
Study Start Date : April 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2007

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To determine whether a clinically significant pharmacokinetic drug interaction exists between mycophenolate mofetil and valganciclovir under steady state conditions in renal and heart transplant recipients

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To determine whether the effects of valganciclovir on mycophenolate mofetil pharmacokinetic parameters are different between renal and heart transplant recipients

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

The subject must be able to give informed consent for the study. Stable renal or cardiac transplant patients age 18 years and older. Patients must not have had an acute rejection episode within the previous 30 days of the 1st PK study.

Renal transplant patients with serum creatinine < 2 mg/dL and with change in serum creatinine < 25% within the 2 weeks prior to the 1st PK study.

Renal and cardiac transplant patients receiving VGCV for prophylaxis of CMV while concomitantly receiving MMF.

Stable MMF dose: the dose of MMF must not have been adjusted within 1 week of the 1st PK study and must be the same during the 2nd PK study Stable renal function during the study period (change in serum creatinine < 25%)

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients who are not prescribed MMF maintenance therapy or are receiving Myfortic.

Patients who do not require VGCV prophylaxis (CMV negative recipients of CMV negative donor organs).

Patients who have their MMF doses adjusted either < 1 week before the 1st scheduled PK study or anytime during the study period.

Patients whose serum creatinine changes by > 25% within 2 weeks prior to study initiation.

Patients whose hematocrit < 28%. Patients who received other organ transplants in addition to a kidney or heart. Patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding. Patients prescribed bile acids, bile acid sequestrants, potassium binding resins, or magnesium/aluminum-containing antacids.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00189150

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United States, Michigan
University of Michigan Hospital
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Michigan
Hoffmann-La Roche
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Principal Investigator: Jeong M Park, MS, PharmD University of Michigan Hospital
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00189150    
Other Study ID Numbers: Val060
First Posted: September 16, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 25, 2016
Last Verified: May 2016
Keywords provided by University of Michigan:
Mycophenolate Mofetil
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Mycophenolic Acid
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents