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Insulin Cardioplegia for Poor Left Ventricular Function

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified July 2005 by University Health Network, Toronto.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Information provided by:
University Health Network, Toronto Identifier:
First received: September 13, 2005
Last updated: December 28, 2005
Last verified: July 2005
The purpose of this investigation is to develop a means to improve the recovery of cardiac metabolism and ventricular function following coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) in patients with poor preoperative ventricular function (e.g. ejection fraction <40%).

Condition Intervention
Left Ventricular Dysfunction Drug: Insulin Cardioplegia

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Insulin Cardioplegia Trial for Poor Left Ventricular Function

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University Health Network, Toronto:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Low Output Syndrome

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Total Troponin I Release

Estimated Enrollment: 800
Study Start Date: August 1999
Detailed Description:


Insulin added to blood cardioplegia will improve the results of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft by reducing the incidence of low output syndrome (i.e., the requirement for inotropic or balloon pump assistance) in patients with a preoperative ejection fraction <40%.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient has been referred for isolated coronary bypass surgery.
  • LV grade 3 or 4, LVEF <40% by angio, echo, RNA.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient is undergoing reoperative surgery (i.e., has had any previous cardiac surgery)
  • Surgeon has planned another procedure in addition to coronary bypass surgery (e.g., valve repair, replacement, ascending aorta repair or replacement, left ventricular aneurysm resection, repair of congenital defect, carotid surgery, repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm).
  • Patient is scheduled for minimally invasive surgery.
  • More recent assessment of LV function with LV grade 1 0r 2, LVEF>40%.
  • 5 or 6 days post MI.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00188994

Contact: Chet Jabier-Nacario, BScN 416-340-4800 ext 8435

Canada, Ontario
University Health Network Recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2C4
Contact: Chet Jabier-Nacario, BScN    416-340-4800 ext 8435   
Principal Investigator: Terrence M. Yau, MD, FRCS(C)         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Health Network, Toronto
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Principal Investigator: Terrence M. Yau 21st Century Cardiac Surgical Society, Council on Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery (American Heart Association), Canadian Cardiovascular Society, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, Institute of Medical Sciences (University of Toronto)
  More Information

1. Yau,TM, Fedak PWM, Weisel RD, Teng C, Ivanov J. Predictors of operative risk for coronary bypass operations in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1999; 118:1006-1013. 2. RaoV, Ivanov J, Weisel RD, Ikonomidis JS, Christakis GT, David TE. Predictors of low cardiac output syndrome after coronary artery bypass. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1996; 112:38-51. 3. Yau TM, Weisel RD, Mickle DAG, et al: Optimal delivery of blood cardioplegia. Circulation 1991; 84 (SAuppl II):II-380-388. 4. Yau TM, Weisel RD, Mickle DAG, et al: Alternative techniques of cardioplegia. Circulation 1992; 86(Suppl II):II-377-384. 5. Yau TM, Ikonomidis JS, Weisel RD, et al: Which techniques of cardioplegia prevent ischemia? Ann Thorac Surg 1993; 56:1020-1028. 6. Yau TM, Ikonomiodis JS, Weisel RD, et al: Ventricular function after normothermic versus hypothermic cardioplegia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1993; 105:883-844. 7. Rao V, Merante F, Weisel RD, Shirai T, Ikonomidis JS, Cohen G, Tumiati LC, Shiono N, Li RK, Mickle DAG, Robinson BH. Insulin stimulates pyruvate dehydrogenase and protects human ventricular cardiomyocytes from simulated ischemia. J Thorac Cardiovasc 1998; 116:485-94. 8. Rao V, Borger MA, Weisel RD, Ivanov J, Christakis GT, Cohen G, Yau TM,. Insulin cardioplegia for elective coronary bypass surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2000; 119: 1176-1184. 9. Yau TM, Mickle DAG, Weisel RD: Myocardial free radical reperfusion injury during cardiac surgery, in Kron IL, Mavroudis C (eds): Frontiers in cardiovascular surgical research: State of Art Reviews: Cardiac Surgery. Hanley & Belfus, 1990; 703-712. 10. Christakis GT, Weisel RD, Fremes SE, Ivanov J, David TE, Goldman BS, Salerno TA and the Cardiovascular Surgeons of the University of Toronto, Coronary Artery bypass grafting in patients with poor ventricular function. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1992; 103:1083-1092. Identifier: NCT00188994     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 98-E089
CIHR Grant No. HSF NA4189
Study First Received: September 13, 2005
Last Updated: December 28, 2005

Keywords provided by University Health Network, Toronto:
Myocardial Protection
Myocardial Metabolism
Ventricular Function
Cardiovascular Disease
Cardioplegic Additives

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ventricular Dysfunction
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on August 22, 2017