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A Study for Image-Guided Radiation Therapy in Pediatric Brain Tumors and Side Effects

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00187226
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 16, 2005
Results First Posted : August 20, 2012
Last Update Posted : August 20, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study was to determine if treating a limited volume of normal tissue surrounding the tumor or tumor bed using conformal radiation therapy would achieve similar rates of disease control compared to standard radiation therapy. The study was also conducted to examine the effect of irradiation on neurological, endocrine and cognitive function.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Central Nervous System Tumors Brain Tumors Procedure: Radiation Therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Radiation therapy is commonly used to treat a variety of brain tumors in children including ependymoma, craniopharyngioma and low- and high-grade glioma. The ability of the therapy to control brain tumors in children is known to depend on the tumor type, extent of resection and other clinical factors. Children who received radiation therapy on this study were evaluated for treatment failure at 12 months. In addition to the primary objective, the study was designed to explore the association between radiation dose and volume and a variety of neurological, endocrine and cognitive deficits up to 5 years after treatment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 202 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Image-Guided Radiation Therapy for Pediatric CNS Tumors and Quantification of Radiation-Related CNS Effects
Study Start Date : June 1997
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2005
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Brain Tumors

Arm Intervention/treatment
Stratum 1
Ependymoma, craniopharyngioma, low-grade glioma
Procedure: Radiation Therapy
External Beam Radiation Therapy: 54Gy administered at 1.8Gy per day for low-grade glioma, craniopharyngioma and selected ependymoma.

Stratum 2
High-grade glioma
Procedure: Radiation Therapy
External Beam Radiation Therapy: 59.4Gy administered at 1.8Gy per day for high-grade glioma and selected ependymoma.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Local Tumor Control [ Time Frame: 12 months after the enrollment of the last therapeutic patient ]
    Local tumor control was determined by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the brain and spine performed after radiation therapy. Imaging studies were performed every 3-4 months during the first three years and then every 6 months through five years. Imaging studies demonstrating tumor progression were electronically registered to the imaging data used to plan therapy. Local failure included tumor progression within the volume that received the prescribed dose of irradiation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Months to 25 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age at time of irradiation is greater than or equal to 8 months and less than or equal to 25 years
  • Histologically diagnosed craniopharyngioma, ependymoma, low-grade astrocytoma or high-grade glioma and radiographically diagnosed selected patients with craniopharyngioma and low-grade glioma.
  • Adequate performance status, participant has an ECOG (Performance Status Score) of 0-2(0=Normal Activity; 1=Symptoms but Ambulatory; 2=Bedridden <50% of time)
  • Histologic type that requires only focal irradiation.
  • No prior fractionated external beam irradiation
  • Informed consent signed by patient, parent, or guardian.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00187226

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United States, Tennessee
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Thomas E. Merchant, D.O., Ph.D. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Identifier: NCT00187226     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RT1
First Posted: September 16, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 20, 2012
Last Update Posted: August 20, 2012
Last Verified: August 2012

Keywords provided by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital:
Brain neoplasm
Brain cancer
Neoplasm intracranial

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brain Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases