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Acupuncture and Massage for Depression During Pregnancy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00186654
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 16, 2005
Last Update Posted : September 25, 2008
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
Information provided by:
Stanford University

Brief Summary:
This study evaluates the efficacy of acupuncture and massage for the treatment of depression during pregnancy. The study also examines differential effects of study treatments on delivery outcome and post partum depression.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Depression Procedure: Acupuncture Procedure: Perinatal massage Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Participants in this study are randomly assigned to one of the three experimental groups that include two types of acupuncture treatment and perinatal massage. The two acupuncture treatments are delivered in a double-blind fashion. Treatments consist of an acute phase during which participants receive 12 treatment sessions over a period of 8 weeks. Responders and partial responders enter a continuation phase during which they receive weekly treatments that end 10 weeks post delivery. At the end of the continuation phase, participants continue to be clinically assessed at 3 and 6 months after the end of treatment to detail the natural course of relapse to the index episode in the three treatment groups.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 180 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Official Title: Acupuncture and Massage for Depression During Pregnancy

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Acupuncture

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Depression severity and response status after 8 weeks of treatment

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Depression severity at 3, 6, & 9 months post partum; delivery outcome

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:- Meet criteria for a current major depressive episode with an HRSD(17) score of at least 14.

  • Ambulatory women (age³18) with a viable pregnancy,
  • Pregnancy between 22 and 30 weeks of gestation
  • Fluent in English

Exclusion Criteria:- Meeting criteria for a primary Axis I disorder in past 2 months, other than unipolar depression or social phobia

  • Seasonal affective disorder or episode duration of 2 years or more (chronic depression)
  • Abnormal results on a laboratory screen that will include a thyroid panel and a drug screen.
  • Serious uncontrolled medical conditions or conditions that may be a medical basis of a depression.
  • Cluster B personality disorders.
  • Confounding treatments for depression, including any psychotherapy, herbs, or pharmacotherapy.
  • Current use of any prescribed psychotropic medication or any medication that impacts mood.
  • Treatment with ECT or vagal nerve stimulation during the last year.
  • Current active suicidal potential necessitating immediate treatment.
  • Absence of prenatal care from an OBGYN practitioner in the community.
  • Any condition that necessitates bed rest.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00186654

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United States, California
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stanford University
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
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Principal Investigator: Rachel Manber Stanford University
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00186654    
Other Study ID Numbers: HS09988
First Posted: September 16, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 25, 2008
Last Verified: August 2008
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Depressive Disorder
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders