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Seroquel in the Treatment of Dysphoric Hypomania in Bipolar II

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Terrence Ketter, Stanford University Identifier:
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: December 11, 2012
Last verified: December 2012
  1. The primary objective of this study is to examine the efficacy of quetiapine (Seroquel) in treatment of dysphoric hypomania in patients with Bipolar II disorder.
  2. To evaluate the utility of Seroquel add-on treatment to decrease mixed depressive and hypomanic symptoms.

Condition Intervention Phase
Bipolar II Disorder Drug: Quetiapine/Seroquel Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Seroquel for the Treatment of Dysphoric Hypomania in Bipolar II Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Terrence Ketter, Stanford University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • CGI-BD Overall Severity [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    change from baseline to endpoint in CGI-BD Overall Severity

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • MADRS (Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale) and YMRS (Young Mania Rating Scale) [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Change from baseline to endpoint in MADRS and YMRS

Enrollment: 55
Study Start Date: August 2008
Study Completion Date: August 2011
Primary Completion Date: August 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Quetiapine/Seroquel
Quetiapine/Seroquel up to 800 mg/day
Drug: Quetiapine/Seroquel
Placebo Comparator: Placebo

Detailed Description:

Bipolar disorder is recognized as a severe and treatment-refractory illness. Recent work from multiple research centers in both Europe and the U.S. have found the percentage of patients experiencing hypomania that are also experiencing depressive symptoms is substantial. In a recent Stanley Foundation Bipolar Network study, it was found that 60% of all visits with at least moderate hypomania were associated with depressive symptoms. It is generally agreed that patients experiencing mixed states or combinations of mania with depressive symptoms are less responsive to older treatments such as lithium (Swann et al., 1997). We propose evaluating the response to Seroquel add-on versus placebo add-on for those patients experiencing hypomania and depressive symptoms, either simultaneously or closely juxtaposed within a 2-3 day period.

Bipolar II (BDII) patients make up a substantial percentage of patients with bipolar disorder, estimated conservatively at 0.5% of the US population and, with somewhat more liberal definitions of hypomania minimum duration, in Europe at 1% or greater. Importantly, few to virtually no recent treatment trials of high quality have been undertaken in BDII. Treatment guidelines and algorithms for bipolar disorder have been unable to specify defined treatments for BDII due to the lack of studies. Juxtaposed to the limits of controlled data, preliminary case series and clinical experience support atypical antipsychotics will be helpful for BDII patients. Thus the impact is high for a placebo controlled study of Seroquel in BDII.

We believe that this study is important to undertake because of the limited controlled data available for the treatment and management of patients with bipolar II disorder in outpatient settings. Numerous placebo-controlled monotherapy studies have been completed in inpatient settings for bipolar I, many leading to FDA submissions for registration. Maintenance trials are underway or are being developed for bipolar I disorder. There are no medications specifically approved for use in bipolar II patients at this time.

Additionally, the initial trials for the registration of Seroquel for bipolar disorder did not include patients with mixed symptoms. Clear cut-offs were provided in order to minimize the likelihood that patients with mixed symptoms would enter these trials. Thus, the trial proposed will provide data useful to the clinician in a real world setting, as well as provide data in an area not previously covered by the trial registration studies. We hypothesize that Seroquel will be effective to treat such symptoms in patients with BDII.

A clinically important and ground breaking aspect of the proposed trial is the focus on patients with bipolar II disorder. There is a paucity of data available to evaluate the use of atypical antipsychotics in patients with bipolar II disorder. Preliminary data of any sort in this area will be clinically useful, set the stage for larger more definitive trials, and translate readily into practice.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must meet criteria for DSM-IV TR diagnosis of bipolar II disorder, as assessed by the structured clinical interview mood modules (SCID) (First et al., 1996).
  • Must be hypomanic as rated by a >12 on the YMRS on two consecutive visits 1-3 days apart. And meet DSM IV TR criteria for hypomania
  • Must be experiencing depressive symptoms as rated by > 14 on the MADRS rated at two consecutive visits 1-3 days apart and experiencing depressive symptoms for at least a seven-day period.
  • Must be on stable medication regimens for at least two weeks, or on no medication at study entry.
  • Must be men or women age 18-65 years of age.
  • Must be able to give informed consent.
  • Must be able to comprehend and satisfactorily comply with protocol requirements.
  • If sexually active, females of child-bearing potential must be using a reliable method of contraception, which includes hormonal contraceptives, double-barrier methods (e.g., condom and foam, condom and diaphragm), intrauterine devices (IUD), or tubal ligation. Oral hormonal contraception is allowed as long as no other medications are being used that could decrease hormone levels and put the patient at risk for developing pregnancy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Receiving any atypical antipsychotics (washout period to be determined by treating psychiatrist)
  • Receiving recognized antidepressant medication (within five half-lives), including serotonin reuptake inhibitors, venlafaxine, bupropion, or nefazodone.
  • Receiving carbamazepine (within five half-lives).
  • Experienced a hypomanic episode judged to be a direct physiological consequence of any medical condition or treatment, including neurological disorders, cardiovascular disease, metabolic or autoimmune conditions.
  • Evidence that the patient is likely to need additional concomitant medical therapy during the trial.
  • Participated in another trial of an investigational drug/device *or received clozapine within 30 days prior to baseline.
  • Known hypersensitivity to Seroquel or any of its components.
  • Known intolerability or past history of ineffectiveness of Seroquel.
  • Met DSM-IV TR criteria for any substance or alcohol abuse or dependence disorder within the past month.
  • History or evidence of unstable medical condition or known clinically significant abnormal laboratory results.
  • Known or suspected chronic infectious disease including HIV or hepatitis.
  • Women who are currently pregnant or desire to become pregnant during the study or women nursing an infant.
  • Meet criteria for antisocial personality disorder.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00186043

United States, California
Terence Ketter
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stanford University
Principal Investigator: Terence Ketter, MD Stanford University
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Terrence Ketter, Professor, Stanford University Identifier: NCT00186043     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 79739
Study First Received: September 12, 2005
Last Updated: December 11, 2012

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Quetiapine Fumarate
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs processed this record on June 23, 2017