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The Effects of Different Interior Decorations in a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit.

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
St. Olavs Hospital
County of South Trøndelag
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00184132
First received: September 9, 2005
Last updated: March 10, 2017
Last verified: March 2017
  Purpose
The purpose of the study is to compare effects of treatment of patients acutely admitted to a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) with either a sparsely decorated interior or interior decorations like an ordinary, Norwegian home.

Condition Intervention
Mental Disorders
Procedure: Psychiatric intensive care unit in Norwegian home style
Procedure: Psychiatric intensive care unit sparsely furnished and not decorated

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effects of Different Interior Decorations in a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Norwegian University of Science and Technology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Length of stay in days [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
  • Scores on general psychiatric rating scale [ Time Frame: 3 days ]
    Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)

  • Scores on violent or threatening incidents [ Time Frame: 3 days ]
    recorded with Staff Observation Aggression ScaleRevised (SOAS-R)


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Therapeutic steps daily [ Time Frame: 3 days ]

Enrollment: 54
Actual Study Start Date: November 2000
Study Completion Date: June 2010
Primary Completion Date: June 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Norwegian home style ward
The walls received wainscots, colourful wallpaper and paintings; the ceilings were lowered and had multiple lighting spots, the windows tasteful curtains; we put wardrobes, chairs, flowers and personal items in the patient rooms; and Italian ceramic tile covered the entire bathroom
Procedure: Psychiatric intensive care unit in Norwegian home style
Active Comparator: sparsely furnished ward
traditional interior design and furnishings. The rooms had sparse furniture, walls in grey colours lacking pictures, no window curtains, single lamps in the ceiling 4 m high, bathroom with grey, laminated paint all over, and patient rooms with a single bed and a chair of metal tubes
Procedure: Psychiatric intensive care unit sparsely furnished and not decorated

Detailed Description:
The PICU in Østmarka psychiatric department, St. Olavs Hospital contains 2 identical parts. Each part contains 2 beds. The PICU had a traditional sparsely decorated interior. In cooperation with architects and the county building authorities one of the parts were redecorated to an interior like an ordinary Norwegian home. All patients admitted the the PICU were semi-randomized to either traditional or "Norwegian home" interior decorations. Symptoms, behaviour, and treatment were evaluated at admittance, day 3 and discharge from the PICU
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All patients acutely admitted to the PICU, St. Olavs Hospital, Østmarka dep.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with dementia or mental retardation to an extensive degree.
  • Patients not speaking Norwegian or English
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00184132

Locations
Norway
Østmarka Psychiatric Department, St. Olavs Hospital
Trondheim, Norway, 7441
Sponsors and Collaborators
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
St. Olavs Hospital
County of South Trøndelag
Investigators
Study Chair: Olav M Linaker, Professor Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  More Information

Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Norwegian University of Science and Technology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00184132     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AEV-00
Study First Received: September 9, 2005
Last Updated: March 10, 2017
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Norwegian University of Science and Technology:
Intensive care units
Emergency services, psychiatric
Interior Design and Furnishings
Intensive Care

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Mental Disorders
Psychotic Disorders
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 24, 2017