Continuation Booster Trial After a Vaccine Combining Tyrosinase/GP100/MART-1 Peptides Emulsified With Montanide ISA 51 With or Without GM-CSF for Patients With Melanoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00184067
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Primary PI left institution)
First Posted : September 16, 2005
Last Update Posted : May 21, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Southern California

Brief Summary:

This is a study of a melanoma vaccine. Study participants will have melanoma that invaded deeply and spread to lymph nodes or another location. Although the participants' melanoma has been removed, there is a greater than 1 out of 2 chance it will return. There will be approximately 40 subjects in this study. The patients will have already taken part in a melanoma vaccine study, and in this current study, they will continue to receive booster injections of a similar vaccine given for two additional years.

This study will test an experimental vaccine. The vaccine contains peptides which are fragments of substances made by most melanomas. The substances are tyrosinase, gpl00 and melanoma antigen recognized by T cells (MART-1). The vaccine also includes an assistant called Montanide ISA 51. The assistant stimulates the immune system. This study will also test the effects of a second assistant granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). All participants will receive the vaccine and assistant Montanide ISA 51, but only half will receive the assistant GM-CSF. The patients have a one in two chance of receiving the assistant called GM-CSF. The main purpose of this study is to find out if the booster injections increase the body's immunity to melanoma and prevent its level of immunity from getting lower over time. The investigators also wish to know if the GM-CSF increases the body's immunity to melanoma when given with the melanoma vaccine.

The vaccine and assistant Montanide ISA 51 are not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The assistant GM-CSF is approved by the FDA to increase infection-fighting white blood cells after chemotherapy. It is not approved by the FDA for treatment of melanoma. However, the FDA is permitting the vaccine and the assistants to be tested in this study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma Biological: Montanide ISA 51 Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Continuation Booster Trial After a Vaccine Combining Tyrosinase/GP100/MART-1 Peptides Emulsified With Montanide ISA 51 With or Without GM-CSF for Patients With Resected Stages IIB/C, III, and IV Melanoma
Study Start Date : May 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Peptide vaccine with Montanide ISA 51 + GM-CSF
Peptide vaccine with Montanide ISA 51 GM-CSF
Biological: Montanide ISA 51
Active Comparator: Peptide vaccine with Montanide ISA 51
Peptide vaccine with Montanide ISA 51
Biological: Montanide ISA 51

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have completed protocol 10M-01-1 or 10M-00-4 are eligible for this study provided that:

    1. They have received all injections with evidence of an immune response.
    2. They have not experienced recurrence of the melanoma.
    3. Not more than twelve months have elapsed since the final injection on either protocol.
    4. They experienced no grade 3 or 4 toxicity attributed to the prior vaccine regimen.
  • Serum creatinine of 2.0 mg/dl or less, total bilirubin of 2.0 mg/dl or less and SGOT/SGPT of 2.5 X institutional norm or less.
  • Total whte blood cell (WBC) of 3,000 or more with at least 1500 granulocytes, hemoglobin of 9.0 gm/dl or more, and platelet count of 100,000 per cu mm or more.
  • ECOG performance status of 0 or 1.
  • Patients will be eligible for this trial if they have failed alpha-interferon, if it is felt to be contraindicated due to a pre-existing medical or psychiatric condition or if they have refused treatment with it.
  • Ability to read, understand and willingness to sign an institutional review board (IRB)-approved informed consent.
  • Patients who have had another malignancy but with no evidence of disease for greater than 5 years from accrual to the current trial will be eligible if it is felt they are likely to be cured. Patients with squamous or basal carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix that have been treated with curative intent can be accrued to this trial 30 days after treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have undergone any other systemic therapy for their melanoma, including radiation therapy since completion of 10M-01-1 or 10M-00-4.
  • Have major systemic infections like pneumonia or sepsis, coagulation or bleeding disorders, or other major medical illnesses of the gastrointestinal, cardiovascular or respiratory systems.
  • Require systemic, ocular or inhaled corticosteroids.
  • Pregnant or lactating, since the risk of autoimmune reactivity to tyrosinase, MART-1 or gp100 is felt to present a risk to the fetus or a breast feeding infant. Effective birth control for men and women is required during and for four months after the study is finished.
  • Known to be positive for hepatitis BsAg, hepatitis C antibody or HIV antibody. Since cells removed for ex vivo handling and tissue culture cannot be virus positive, and the effects of melanoma peptides might be detrimental to HIV positive patients, patients positive for the above viruses will not be treated in this trial.
  • Have had a known allergic reaction to GM-CSF, Montanide ISA 51 (IFA) or any of the peptides included in this protocol.
  • Have a prior history of uveitis or autoimmune inflammatory eye disease, immune hemolytic anemia or other active autoimmune disease.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00184067

United States, California
USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Southern California
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey Weber University of Southern California

Responsible Party: University of Southern California Identifier: NCT00184067     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 10M-03-8
First Posted: September 16, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 21, 2014
Last Verified: January 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Freund's Adjuvant
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adjuvants, Immunologic