Depression Prevention Program for Adolescents
|Depression||Behavioral: Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) Behavioral: Supportive/expressive (S/E) therapy Behavioral: Bibliotherapy|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Depression Prevention Program for High-Risk Adolescents|
- Depressive symptoms [ Time Frame: Measured at Year 1 ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Participants will receive cognitive behavioral therapy
Behavioral: Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)
Participants will complete worksheets and group discussion on how to increase positive mood and activity.
Active Comparator: 2
Participants will receive supportive/expressive therapy
Behavioral: Supportive/expressive (S/E) therapy
Participants will be encouraged to express feelings and emotions without advice giving.
Active Comparator: 3
Participants will receive bibliotherapy
Participants will be given a book on how to increase their mood.
No Intervention: 4
Participants in the control condition will receive no treatment
Major depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in adolescents. In many cases, the condition is recurrent and can result in serious psychological impairment. A high number of depressed adolescents never receive treatment; therefore, it is crucial to develop prevention programs for this disorder that are effective and can be easily disseminated. This study will evaluate and compare the effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and supportive/expressive (S/E) therapy in preventing depressive symptoms in adolescents.
This study will last 2 years. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive six sessions of CBT, S/E therapy, or standard depression education over 2 years. The CBT intervention will focus on reducing negative thoughts and increasing engagement in pleasant activities. S/E therapy is designed to allow adolescents to express their negative emotions and talk about recent stressful events in a supportive environment of their peers. Surveys and psychiatric interviews will be completed by all participants and their parents at the beginning and the end of the study. The surveys and interviews will assess depressive symptoms.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00183417
|United States, Texas|
|University of Texas at Austin|
|Austin, Texas, United States, 78712|
|Principal Investigator:||Eric M. Stice, PhD||University of Texas at Austin|