Donepezil in the Prevention of Post-Operative Cognitive Decline
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00182845|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 16, 2005
Last Update Posted : March 3, 2008
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Postoperative Complications Delirium||Drug: Donepezil||Phase 4|
Up to 65% of elderly patients undergoing hip or knee surgery suffer from declining brain function known as post-operative cognitive decline (POCD). These individuals often stay in the hospital longer, have more complications, and are more likely to die. Recent clinical studies have shown the potential benefit of enhancing the cholinergic system among patients with both Alzheimer's disease and / or vascular dementia. Donepezil is currently being used to treat memory loss in patients with Alzheimer's disease.
This study will recruit 30 cognitively impaired adults aged 65 or older who are scheduled to have elective hip or knee replacement surgery at University Hospital. Participants will be randomized to receive either a three to six week supply of Donepezil or a matching placebo approximately 4 weeks prior to surgery. This study will evaluate the effect of Donepezil on delirium incidence and severity during hospitalization, global cognitive function, length of hospitalization, site of discharge, and adverse drug effects.
All material to be collected will be from interviews, questionnaires, and medical chart review. Some will be at baseline, during hospitalization, and 12 weeks post hospitalization and others will be daily during hospitalization. The International Study of Post-Operative Cognitive Decline battery of tests will be used in assessment, as will the CogHealth computerized battery.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Enrollment :||30 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Official Title:||Preventing Post-Operative Cognitive Decline|
|Study Start Date :||February 2005|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||April 2007|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||April 2007|
- Changes in the International Study of Post-Operative Cognitive Decline (ISPOCD) and the CogHealth computerized battery tests at 1 week and 12 weeks after surgery
- Delirium status measured by the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) and the Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale (MDAS) daily during the post-operative period
- Global cognitive status assessed using the Mini Mental Status Exam (MMSE)
- Length of stay in the hospital post-operatively
- Discharge site
- Adverse effects
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00182845
|United States, Indiana|
|University Hospital, Clarian Health Partners|
|Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202|
|Principal Investigator:||Malaz Boustani, MD, MPH||Regenstrief Institute, Indiana University Center for Aging Research|