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Radiation Therapy During Surgery in Treating Older Women With Invasive Breast Cancer (NRR)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: September 15, 2005
Last updated: January 20, 2016
Last verified: January 2016

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving radiation during surgery may be an effective treatment for breast cancer.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well radiation therapy works in treating older women who are undergoing surgery for invasive breast cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Procedure: surgery
Procedure: therapy
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Partial Breast Treatment Using Single Dose Intraoperative Radiotherapy for Patients With Early Stage Breast Cancer - A Feasibility Study With Molecular Analysis of Tumors and Normal Breast Epithelial Tissue

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Rates of good/excellent cosmesis as measured by the RTOG cosmetic rating scale [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Incidence of grade 3/4 toxicity [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  • Association of nuclear p53 expression in tumor and normal tissue before and after IORT [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  • Association of nuclear NFkB expression in tumor and normal tissue before and after IORT [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  • Association of phosphorylated EGFR, HER2, p44/42 MAPK, and Akt in breast tumors and normal tissue before and after IORT [ Time Frame: 3 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Ipsilateral breast recurrence (tumor bed recurrence versus elsewhere in breast [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Enrollment: 89
Study Start Date: February 2003
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2016
Primary Completion Date: September 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Intraoperative Radiation Arm
Intraoperative radiation during surgery for tumor excision.
Procedure: surgery
Procedure: therapy
Radiation: radiation therapy

Detailed Description:



  • Determine the feasibility of intraoperative partial breast radiotherapy prior to surgical resection in older women with low-risk early stage primary invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast.
  • Determine the rate of good/excellent cosmesis, as measured by the RTOG cosmetic rating scale, in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Compare the cosmetic outcome in patients treated with this regimen with that of patients treated with partial breast brachytherapy in clinical trial RTOG-9517.
  • Determine the incidence of grade 3-4 toxicity of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the rate of ipsilateral breast recurrence, including recurrence within the tumor bed as compared to elsewhere in the breast, in patients treated with this regimen.


  • Determine the radiation-induced activation of receptors and signal transduction pathways involved in radiation response in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a non-randomized study.

Patients undergo intraoperative lymphatic mapping and sentinel lymphadenectomy OR standard level I, II axillary dissection to evaluate the lymph nodes followed by intraoperative breast ultrasonography to define the tumor target volume. Patients then undergo intraoperative single-dose partial breast radiotherapy followed by segmental mastectomy (i.e., lumpectomy) of the tumor. Patients with 1 or 2 tumor-involved surgical margins may undergo repeat segmental mastectomy. Patients with > 2 tumor-involved surgical margins undergo mastectomy. Patients determined to have a tumor size > 3 cm or an extensive intraductal component on final pathology evaluation undergo standard external beam radiotherapy after surgery.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 71 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 to 3 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   48 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed primary invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast

    • Tumor size ≤ 3 cm
    • No extensive intraductal component
    • Tumor must not be attached to the skin, underlying muscle, or chest wall
  • Candidate for breast-conserving therapy, as determined by the surgical and radiation oncologist

    • Tumor amenable to segmental mastectomy (i.e., lumpectomy)
  • No bilateral breast cancer
  • No clinical or radiographic multifocal disease not amenable to single segmental mastectomy

    • Patients with > 1 tumor mass in the same breast must have only 1 mass that is histologically malignant AND all other masses must be proven histologically benign
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Not specified



  • 48 and over


  • Female

Menopausal status

  • Not specified

Performance status

  • 0-2

Life expectancy

  • At least 5 years


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not pregnant
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No collagen vascular disease
  • No medical condition that would preclude surgery
  • Other prior malignancy allowed provided the following criteria are met:

    • Patient has undergone potential curative therapy for all prior malignancies
    • There is no evidence of any prior malignancy within the past 5 years
    • Patient is deemed to be at low risk for recurrence of prior malignancy, as determined by the treating physician


Biologic therapy

  • Not specified


  • No prior chemotherapy for this malignancy

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified


  • No prior radiotherapy to the breast


  • No breast implants
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00182728

United States, North Carolina
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599-7295
Sponsors and Collaborators
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: David Olilla, MD UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00182728     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LCCC 0218
CDR0000440120 ( Other Identifier: PDQ number )
Study First Received: September 15, 2005
Last Updated: January 20, 2016

Keywords provided by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center:
invasive ductal breast carcinoma
stage I breast cancer
stage II breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases processed this record on May 24, 2017