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Thalidomide, Dexamethasone, and Clarithromycin in Treating Patients With Multiple Myeloma Previously Treated With Transplant

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Identifier:
First received: September 15, 2005
Last updated: October 24, 2016
Last verified: October 2016
This phase II trial studies the side effects and how well giving thalidomide, dexamethasone, and clarithromycin together works in treating patients with multiple myeloma previously treated with transplant. Biological therapies, such as thalidomide and clarithromycin, may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. Dexamethasone also works in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving thalidomide together with dexamethasone and clarithromycin after a transplant may be an effective treatment for multiple myeloma

Condition Intervention Phase
Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Stage I Multiple Myeloma
Stage II Multiple Myeloma
Stage III Multiple Myeloma
Drug: clarithromycin
Drug: thalidomide
Drug: dexamethasone
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Maintenance Therapy With Thalidomide, Dexamethasone and Clarithromycin (Biaxin) Following Autologous/Syngeneic Transplant for Multiple Myeloma

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Toxicity of proposed treatment with clarithromycin, dexamethasone, and thalidomide [ Time Frame: First 3 months of therapy ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to disease progression [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ]

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: June 2003
Primary Completion Date: April 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (immunomodulator, antiangiogenesis, steroid therapy)
Patients receive thalidomide PO QD dexamethasone PO once weekly, and clarithromycin PO BID. Treatment continues for 1 year in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Treatment with thalidomide continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: clarithromycin
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Abbott-56268
  • Biaxin
Drug: thalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Kevadon
  • Synovir
  • THAL
  • Thalomid
Drug: dexamethasone
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aeroseb-Dex
  • Decaderm
  • Decadron
  • DM
  • DXM

Detailed Description:


I. Evaluate the toxicity of the use of Thalidomide/Biaxin (Clarithromycin)/Dexamethasone as maintenance therapy after autologous/syngeneic transplant.

II. Evaluate the median time to disease progression. III. Evaluate survival.


Patients receive thalidomide orally (PO) once daily (QD), dexamethasone PO once weekly, and clarithromycin PO twice daily (BID). Treatment continues for 1 year in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Treatment with thalidomide continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.


Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Any autologous or syngeneic patient who underwent high dose melphalan (>= 140 mg/m^2) therapy/peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) or bone marrow (BM) rescue for any stage of multiple myeloma and did not participate in another clinical transplant trial which is also evaluating disease free survival or survival
  • Platelet count (transfusion independent) > 50,000 cells/mm^3 for 5 calendar days after recovery from high dose
  • Absolute granulocyte count > 1500 cells/mm^3 for 5 calendar days after recovery from high dose
  • Patients will start therapy between 30 days to 120 days after transplant
  • Willingness and ability to comply with Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-mandated S.T.E.P.S. (Celgene System for Thalidomide Education and Prescribing Safety) Program
  • Signing a written informed consent form

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Karnofsky score less than 70
  • A left ventricular ejection fraction less than 45%; patients with congestive heart disease, history of myocardial infarction (MI), or coronary artery disease
  • Total bilirubin greater than 2 mg/ml (unless history of Gilbert's disease)
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) or serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) > 2.5 x upper limit of normal
  • History of deep venous thrombus, arterial occlusions, or pulmonary emboli
  • Pregnant and/or lactating females
  • Patients who cannot give informed consent
  • Patients with untreated systemic infection
  • Patients with history prior to transplant of treatment with combination therapy Thalidomide/Biaxin and Steroid without response
  • Patients allergic to Thalidomide, Biaxin or Dexamethasone
  • Referring physician not registered with S.T.E.P.S. program or unwilling to oversee the care of the patients on study and comply with the FDA-mandated S.T.E.P.S. Program
  • Patients unwilling to practice adequate forms of contraception if clinically indicated; male patients on study need to be consulted to use latex condoms even if they have had a vasectomy every time they have sex with a woman who is able to have children while they are being treated and for four weeks after stopping drugs
  • Patients with history of seizures
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00182663

United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Leona Holmberg Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
  More Information

Responsible Party: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Identifier: NCT00182663     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1767.00
NCI-2011-00387 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
Study First Received: September 15, 2005
Last Updated: October 24, 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone 21-phosphate
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal processed this record on May 25, 2017