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Efficacy of Proactive Telephone Counseling for Pregnant Smokers Enrolled in a Managed Care Organization

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00181909
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 16, 2005
Last Update Posted : November 28, 2006
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Information provided by:
Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:
The principal objective is to test whether offering pregnant smokers a proactive telephone counseling program throughout pregnancy and for 2 months postpartum increases the rate of smoking cessation at end of pregnancy and 3 months postpartum, compared to a "best practice" control condition.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pregnancy Smoking Cessation Behavioral: Smoking cessation counseling delivered by telephone Phase 3

Detailed Description:
A randomized controlled trial compared the efficacy of a proactive pregnancy-tailored telephone-delivered smoking cessation counseling program with a "best practice" brief counseling control condition among pregnant women referred by prenatal care providers and a managed care plan in Massachusetts. Intervention group patients received up to 105 min of cognitive-behavioral counseling delivered in a motivational interviewing style by trained counselors throughout pregnancy and for 2 months postpartum. Control group patients received 5 minutes of brief counseling at 1 telephone call. All participants were mailed written self-help smoking cessation material tailored to pregnancy. The primary outcome measure was cotinine-validated tobacco abstinence at the end of pregnancy. Secondary outcomes were cotinine-validated abstinence at 3 months postpartum and self-reported significant (>50%) reduction in daily cigarette use.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 434 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : September 2001
Study Completion Date : June 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Biochemically-validated 7-day point prevalence tobacco abstinence at end of pregnancy

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Biochemically-validated 7-day point prevalence tobacco abstinence at 3 months postpartum
  2. Self-reported significant (>50%) reduction in tobacco use
  3. Quit attempt of >24 hours duration from enrollment to end of pregnancy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women
  • current cigarette smoker (smoked >1 cigarette in the past 7 days)
  • 18 years old or older
  • Willing to consider altering their smoking behavior during their pregnancy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • More than 26 weeks' gestation at study entry
  • No telephone access
  • Not planning to live in New England for 1 year
  • Unable to read and speak English

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00181909

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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Tufts Health Plan
Waltham, Massachusetts, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
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Principal Investigator: Nancy A Rigotti, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
Study Director: Elyse R Park, PhD Massachusetts General Hospital
Publications of Results:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00181909    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2000-P-002438
First Posted: September 16, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 28, 2006
Last Verified: September 2005
Keywords provided by Massachusetts General Hospital:
Smoking cessation