Study of Fine Art Photographs and Visualization Tapes to Improve Surgical Recovery in Breast Cancer
This is a study to assess whether healing suggestions and enhancing visual milieu (large fine art photographs) will improve mental and physical measures of well-being and recovery from surgery. The study will compare breast cancer patients undergoing identical skin sparing mastectomy and reconstruction surgery randomized to three groups:
- Usual care control group
- Usual care and exposure to fine art photograph
- Usual care and fine art photograph and guided visualization tapes.
|Breast Neoplasms||Behavioral: Visualization relaxation Behavioral: Visual Milieu Enhancement (Fine art photograph)|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Using Visual Milieu Enrichment and Guided Visualization to Augment Patient Well-being and Post-surgical Recovery|
- Mood disturbance (Profile of Mood States short form) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
- Post-operative pain [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
- Presence of skin necrosis [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
- Presence of hematoma [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
- Presence of infection [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
- Length of hospital stay [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
|Study Start Date:||March 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||March 27, 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 27, 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: 1
Usual care and exposure to a visually enriched milieu (landscape photograph)
|Behavioral: Visual Milieu Enhancement (Fine art photograph)|
Usual care, exposure to a visually enriched milieu and audio taped guided visualization with healing suggestions.
|Behavioral: Visualization relaxation Behavioral: Visual Milieu Enhancement (Fine art photograph)|
In the course of surgical procedures and hospitalization, patients are stressed not only by the discomforts and anxieties associated with their illness and treatment but also by the sterile, intimidating medical environment, with no access to the natural environment. Clinical studies from environmental medicine have suggested that during hospital confinement patients benefit from visually pleasing décor. Enhancing the medical milieu can alleviate patient anxiety and discomfort as well as improve markers of stress such as blood pressure and requirement for analgesics. In addition, research has shown the effectiveness of stress reduction approaches such as Relaxation Response, Guided Imagery, and Hypnosis in mediating clinical psychophysiology overall. Such studies have also shown the lowering of stress levels, inducing faster recovery from surgical anesthesia and perhaps even speeding physical healing overall. Use of these techniques has been shown to give people a greater sense of self-control as well and reduce stress reactions that affect health.
The proposed study represents the next step testing clinical efficacy of a behavioral medicine intervention with breast cancer patients undergoing mastectomy and reconstruction surgery. The current study extends prior research on accelerating healing outcomes through the use of non-pharmacological mental interventions. One prior study demonstrated accelerated bone fracture healing using hypnosis in otherwise healthy young adults. A second study showed enhanced post-surgical wound healing in healthy women undergoing reduction mammoplasty. The current study will generate new data about enhancing outcomes for breast cancer patients undergoing mastectomy and reconstruction. The goal of the trial is to determine whether these ancillary treatments enhance psychological and physical post-surgical recovery as compared to usual care only. The study provides an upside potential to enhance patient well being and to accelerate post-surgical recovery with minimal risk. Should significant positive findings result from this study, it will constitute a pilot test of such modifications of the healthcare delivery environment with an eye toward stimulating greater patient well being and shorter length of stay.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00179634
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215|
|Principal Investigator:||Susan L Troyan, MD||Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center|