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Insulin Action in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes by Natural Fatty Acids or the Medication Pioglitazone

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00179400
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 16, 2005
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Meredith Hawkins, Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Brief Summary:
Doctors are studying natural oils as potential therapies for type 2 diabetes. Animal studies have suggested promising results using EPA (found in fish oils) to improve insulin action and lower blood sugar levels.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Drug: Pioglitazone/EPA Drug: Placebo Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

PARTICIPATION INCLUDES: Participation in the studies includes taking study capsules for up to 21 days, keeping a meal diary, and up to four overnight hospital stays. During the hospital visits, an IV will be placed in each arm, and small amounts of muscle and fat tissue will be removed (with minimal discomfort).

COMPENSATION: Compensation of $400 per study is provided (or up to $1,600 for completing all studies)

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Role of Acute Combined Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors (PPAR) Alpha and Gamma Stimulation on Insulin Action in Humans
Actual Study Start Date : December 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Pioglitazone Drug: Pioglitazone/EPA
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Whole body in vivo glucose turnover [ Time Frame: 6-hour ]
    Measured during 6-hour normoglycemic (90 mg/dl) stepped hyperinsulinemic clamp studies

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Type 2 subjects with an A1c over 8.%

Exclusion Criteria:

Those with bleeding disorders including GERD, PUD, any GI bleeding; High blood pressure, and anyone with a history of Coronary Artery Disease or exertional chest pain

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00179400

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United States, New York
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
The Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Sponsors and Collaborators
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
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Principal Investigator: Meredith Hawkins, MD Albert Einstein College of Medicine
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Responsible Party: Meredith Hawkins, Professor, Albert Einstein College of Medicine Identifier: NCT00179400    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2000-200
First Posted: September 16, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2017
Last Verified: June 2017
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs