Risperidone vs. Bupropion ER Augmentation of SSRIs in Treatment-Resistant Depression

This study has been completed.
Janssen Pharmaceutica
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Richard C. Shelton, Vanderbilt University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: September 13, 2005
Last updated: June 1, 2015
Last verified: June 2015
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of Risperdal (risperidone) or bupropion ER (extended release) combined with a SSRI medication and to test the relative safety of the combinations.

Condition Intervention Phase
Unipolar Depression
Drug: Rispridone (drug) and Bupropion ER (drug)
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Official Title: Risperidone vs. Bupropion ER Augmentation of SSRIs in Treatment-Resistant Depression

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Vanderbilt University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • MADRS (Montgomery Asberg's Depression Rating Scale)

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • HAM-D(Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression ) 17-item
  • BDI (Beck Depression Inventory)
  • HAM-A (Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety)
  • Clinical Global Impression Scale and Severity and Improvement.

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: July 2004
Study Completion Date: April 2005
Detailed Description:

Major depression is a severe disorder with serious consequences. Effective treatments are available; however, in clinical trials 30-40% of patients do not experience even a 50% reduction in depression severity scores, while 50-70% fail to achieve a full therapeutic response. Futhermore, impairment from the disorder continues essentially unabated in patients who are treated but do not fully remit. If anything, the situation is at least as bad or not worse in clinical practice. Clearly, alternatives are needed to manage this common clinical condition.

The addition of bupropion ER (extended release) to an SSRI has empirical support, and has become the most common augmentation strategy in the US. A comparative trial of the combination of risperidone or bupropion ER added to an SSRI in treatment resistant deperssion could help support risperidone for this condition; such a trial seems warranted at this time.

Patients who are currently on a SSRI at an adequate dosage for at least 3 weeks with no response, will be randomly assigned (open-label) to either risperidone or bupropion ER augmentation for a period of 6 weeks. Patients will be followed weekly at the beginning and bi-weekly towards the end of the trial to compare the response of each group.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female 18 years or older
  • DSM-IV diagnosis of major depressive disorder of at least moderate severity, but without psychotic features
  • Ham-D 17 score of 18 or above
  • Have a documentable history of 2 prior adequate trials of antidepressants including an SSRI without sufficient response. A clinically adequate trial is defined as having taken a minimum effective dose of an antidepressant for at least 3 weeks without a significant change in depressive symptoms.
  • Must be currently on an serotonin uptake inhibitor (to include venlafaxine or duloxetine) at an adequate dose for at least 3 weeks.
  • Ability and willingness to provide consent for participation in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any medical condition that would preclude treatment with an SSRI, risperidone, or bupropion ER
  • Any clinically significant unstable medical condition
  • Diagnosis of bipolar disorder or a primary diagnosis of any psychotic disorder
  • Current psychotic symptoms (hallucination or delusions)
  • Alcohol or drug abuse or dependence in the last 3 months (excluding nicotine and caffeine dependence/abuse) or abuse within the last month
  • Documented non-response to the combination of a novel antipsychotic or bupropion ER and a SSRI
  • Concomitant use of any psychotropic other than an SSRI or zolpidem (PRN for sleep)
  • Score of 4 on the suicide item of the Ham-D scale and determination by the investigator of significant suicide risk
  • Known sensitivity to risperidone or bupropion ER
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00179244

United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37211
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanderbilt University
Janssen Pharmaceutica
Principal Investigator: Richard C Shelton, MD Vanderbilt University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Richard C. Shelton, Director of Mood Disorder Clinic, Vanderbilt University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00179244     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RIS vs. BUP Augmentation Depr.  040309 
Study First Received: September 13, 2005
Last Updated: June 1, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Vanderbilt University:
Treatment Resistant Depression

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depressive Disorder
Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant
Behavioral Symptoms
Mental Disorders
Mood Disorders
Antidepressive Agents
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Central Nervous System Agents
Dopamine Agents
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on February 04, 2016