"Loss of Resistance" Versus CompuFlo® for Epidural Placement
Device: 18G Tuohy epidural needle
Device: CompuFlo® computerized syringe pump
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
|Official Title:||A Randomized Clinical Comparison of the "Loss of Resistance" Technique Versus the CompuFlo® Computerized Syringe Pump for Proper Epidural Placement|
- Number of attempts
- Incidence of incorrect epidural placement
- Pain level 1-10
- Subjective difficulty in placing epidural
It is possible to utilize epidural anesthesia as the sole anesthetic technique for thoracic, abdominal, and lower extremity surgeries, as a method of postoperative pain management after surgery, and for pain relief during labor and delivery. However, despite the various benefits of epidural anesthesia, this procedure is not utilized to its maximum potential in the operating room. One reason for inadequate utilization of this procedure is the difficulty in properly identifying the epidural space. Current techniques for identifying the epidural space rely on the subjective perception of the operator on loss of resistance to air or saline as the needle passes from the ligamentum flavum into the epidural space. CompuFlo®'s pressure-sensing technology provides an objective measurement for proper placement of the epidural.
Very little advancement has been made in improving training to identify the correct location of the epidural space. Epidural anesthesia has a relatively higher failure rate when performed by residents in training. The skills of trainees differ greatly, and there are no standard teaching methods to teach epidural anesthesia. Statistical analysis conducted by Naik et al. concluded that some residents may need as many as 75 attempts at epidural anesthesia to ensure proficiency.
The CompuFlo® is a computerized syringe pump capable of volume and pressure-controlled infusion. It has a pressure sensor and a mathematical algorithm capable of determining the pressure at the needle tip. Pressures are continuously monitored and displayed, which are reflected by acoustic changes in tone. A dramatic pressure decrease and a high tissue compliance (pressure does not increase despite continuous infusion) signifies entrance into the epidural space. Combining a program with a low upper pressure limit and a high infusion rate mimics the technique used by the loss of resistance with saline proponents (constant pressure on the plunger). It combines the "feel" of inserting an epidural needle with the visualization of the pressure level, as well as a sound indicator to indicate proper placement.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00178750
|United States, Texas|
|Memorial Hermann Hospital|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Oscar Ghelber, M.D.||The University of Texas Medical School at Houston|