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Intervention for Stroke Survivors and Their Spousal Caregivers

This study has been completed.
Texas Woman's University
Baylor College of Medicine
Information provided by:
The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston Identifier:
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: March 2, 2007
Last verified: March 2007
This is an interdisciplinary, intervention study with stroke survivors and their spousal caregivers after discharge from a rehabilitation unit. It will determine whether couples receiving home visits from nurses and therapists over a 6 month period demonstrate better function and less psychological distress than couples who receive information by mail. All couples are visited every 3 months by a nurse who assesses their physical and psychosocial functioning.

Condition Intervention
Cerebrovascular Accident Behavioral: Psychoeducation, Counseling and Skill Training

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
Official Title: Intervention for Stroke Survivors and Their Spousal Caregivers

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Stroke survivor function
  • Stroke survivor and caregiver quality of life
  • Stroke survivor and caregiver stress
  • Stroke survivor and caregiver depression
  • Service utilization
  • Cytokine levels of caregivers

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Family coping styles
  • Social support system
  • Caregiver preparation
  • Marital relationship

Estimated Enrollment: 160
Study Start Date: July 2001
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2005
Detailed Description:
This 5-year randomized intervention study uses an advanced practice nurse, with the assistance of an interdisciplinary rehabilitation team, to provide education, support, skill training, counseling, and social and community linkages to stroke survivors and their spouses for 6 months post-hospital discharge. The intervention will be delivered using previously tested protocol guidelines. Stroke survivors and their spousal caregivers will be assessed to determine whether or not the intervention is successful in (1) improving function, quality of life and perceived health and decreasing depression in the stroke survivor; (2) decreasing unplanned clinic and emergency room visits, reducing rehospitalizations and admissions to nursing homes; (3) decreasing depression, burden, stress and improving the health of spousal caregivers and (4) decreasing cytokine imbalances related to the chronic stress of caregiving among spouses. Assessments will be made at baseline and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months post-discharge on the stroke survivor and on the spousal caregiver by a nurse who is masked to the group assignment. To determine the effect of the intervention on cytokine imbalance, the researchers will: (1) generate cytokines from cell cultures (mitogen-induced and antigen specific T-cell lines) and (2) analyze culture supernatants and plasma samples for their immunoregulatory cytokine content. The laboratory technician and immunologist will be masked to the intervention group. All covariates (i.e., sociodemographic characteristics, severity of the stroke, dyadic relationships, family functioning, co-morbid health conditions, etc.) will be evaluated to determine which are significantly related to the outcomes and only those will be included in the model. Hierarchical Linear Models (HLM) will be used to model change over time for individual participants using a polynomial form. Depending on the nature of the change function, individual parameter estimates of the intercept, slope, and if necessary, curvature will be compared across groups.

Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Patient experienced a stroke within the last year Age 50 or older Going home with a spouse or committed partner Needs daily assistance Live within 50 miles fo the TMC Can be reached by telephone Able to understand English -

Exclusion Criteria:

Admitted from or being discharged to a nursing home Disability requiring total assistance Lethargic, obtunded or comatose Other significant CNS disease (ie, severe Parkinson's) Severe psychopathology Globally aphasic Other major illness that would interfere with rehabilitation (ie, advanced cancer) -

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00178529

United States, Texas
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
Texas Woman's University
Baylor College of Medicine
Principal Investigator: Sharon K. Ostwald, PhD The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
  More Information Identifier: NCT00178529     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NR035316
Study First Received: September 12, 2005
Last Updated: March 2, 2007

Keywords provided by The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases processed this record on June 23, 2017