Safety and Efficacy Study Using Bevacizumab, Capecitabine and Oxaliplatin for Colorectal Cancer
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase II Study of the A-ICOX Regimen Consisting of Bevacizumab (Avastinâ), Intermittent Dose Capecitabine (Xelodaâ) and Oxaliplatin (Eloxatinâ) in Patients With Untreated Advanced Colorectal Cancer|
- Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 27 Months ]time from start of protocol therapy until objective tumor progression or death
- Response Rate (RR) [ Time Frame: Up to 27 months ]Percentage of partial responses (PR) + complete responses (CR).
- Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 40 months ]time from start of protocol therapy until death from any cause
- 1-, 2-, and 3-year Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 40 months ]Probability of being alive at 1-, 2-, and 3-years from start of protocol therapy
|Study Start Date:||January 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: Oxaliplatin, Capecitabine, and Bevacizumab||
Bevacizumab 5 mg/kg by 90-30 minute IV infusion IV q 2 weekly Until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
Other Names:Drug: Capecitabine
Capecitabine will be administered orally at twice daily 1250 mg/m2 (equivalent to a total daily dose of 2500 mg/m2) as intermittent therapy (1 week of treatment followed by one week without treatment) and this cycle repeated every 14 days. The first dose of capecitabine will be given on day 1 of each cycle as evening dose and the last dose will be given on day 8 as morning dose (for a total of 14 single doses per cycle).Drug: Oxaliplatin
Oxaliplatin will be administered at the dose of 85 mg/m2 given as a 2-hour intravenous infusion on day 1 of a two-week cycle, prior to the first dose of capecitabine
Ongoing clinical trials are now evaluating the addition of bevacizumab to standard chemotherapeutic regimens for colorectal cancer such as FOLFOX or FOLFIRI. In these studies the addition of bevacizumab has been safe and has not resulted in significantly increased toxicity. Our proposed regimen has the advantage of being easily administered in the outpatient setting, with potential for enhanced activity and needs to be evaluated in a clinical trial.
The patterns of care for CRC have shifted, IFL previously the standard of care, is now proven to be an inferior regimen compared to FOLFOX4. (8) The recent FDA approval in February 2004 of bevacizumab for first line therapy, which states that bevacizumab is an approved agent in combination with a 5-FU regimen, gives no clear guidelines as to the "best regimen". This is an issue that needs to be evaluated rapidly in clinical trials, and it is clear that a combination of 5-FU or capecitabine with oxaliplatin and bevacizumab is one of the most active and well-tolerated regimens. The optimum sequence, schedule and doses needs to determined in clinical trials.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00177307
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|University of Pittsburgh Medical Center|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232|
|Principal Investigator:||Nathan Bahary, MD||University of Pittsburgh|