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A Pilot Study of Dextromethorphan for the Prevention and Treatment of Methotrexate Neurotoxicity

This study has been terminated.
(slow accrual)
Information provided by:
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Identifier:
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: December 10, 2009
Last verified: December 2009
The purposes of this study are to find out whether dextromethorphan can prevent the short or long-term neurologic side effects of methotrexate, and whether dextromethorphan can improve symptoms of short-term neurologic side effects if they do occur.

Condition Intervention
Neurotoxicity Syndromes
Drug: Dextromethorphan

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study of Dextromethorphan for the Prevention and Treatment of Methotrexate Neurotoxicity

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine whether dextromethorphan decreases the subacute toxicities associated with intravenous and intrathecal methotrexate [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine whether dextromethorphan can alleviate acute or subacute neurotoxicity when it does occur after intravenous or intrathecal methotrexate [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: March 2003
Study Completion Date: May 2007
Primary Completion Date: May 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Dextromethorphan
    Patients will receive an inert carrier with or without dextromethorphan. The study drug will be administered at 1.5 mg/kg/dose on a BID schedule. The first dose to be given prior to each scheduled intravenous and/or intrathecal administration of methotrexate and continued for a total of seven days.
Detailed Description:
We believe that we are beginning to understand the biological cause of the neurotoxicity that happens after treatment with methotrexate. Dextromethorphan, an ingredient in common cough medicines, may be able to prevent and/or treat this neurotoxicity. We have given dextromethorphan to a small group of patients who developed severe neurologic side effects after methotrexate. All had a complete recovery within one day.

Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Newly diagnosed acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) or OS. Patients will be separately stratified and randomized by disease.
  • Patients with history of seizures are eligible but will be stratified separately.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) will be excluded from the study, because of the risk of severe drug interactions.
  • Pregnant or lactating women.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00176553

United States, New Jersey
Cancer Institute of New Jersey
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08901
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
Principal Investigator: Peter Cole, MD Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
  More Information

Responsible Party: Peter Cole, Cancer Institute of New Jersey Identifier: NCT00176553     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 3708
Study First Received: September 12, 2005
Last Updated: December 10, 2009

Keywords provided by Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey:
methotrexate neurotoxicity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neurotoxicity Syndromes
Nervous System Diseases
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antirheumatic Agents
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Antitussive Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
Excitatory Amino Acid Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents processed this record on May 22, 2017