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A Comparison of the Design of Tibia Stems in Cemented Total Knee Arthroplasty - Wedge Stem Versus I-beam Stem.

This study has been completed.
Aarhus University Hospital
Information provided by:
University of Aarhus Identifier:
First received: September 10, 2005
Last updated: October 12, 2010
Last verified: October 2010
The purpose of this study is to compare the early migration and periprosthetic bone changes of two cemented total knee arthroplasties with different tibial stem design. Only the tibial prostheses plateau varies in that one is an wedge-shaped stem and the other is a I-shaped stem.

Condition Intervention
Device: Maxim TKA

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Comparison of the Design of Tibia Stems - Wedge Stem Versus I-beam Stem. A Prospective Randomized Migration- and Bone Density Study on Primary Cemented Knee Implants.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Aarhus:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Tibial component migration evaluated by RSA. [ Time Frame: post-operative, three months, six months, one year, two years ]
  • Periprosthetic bone changes evaluated by DEXA. [ Time Frame: post-operative, one year, two years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Micromotion of the modular polyethylene liner in both type prostheses evaluated by RSA. [ Time Frame: post-operative, three months, six months, one year, two years ]

Enrollment: 54
Study Start Date: January 2005
Study Completion Date: October 2009
Primary Completion Date: October 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: I-beam
I-beam stem design of tibial component for Total Knee Arthroplasty.
Device: Maxim TKA
Operation with Total Knee Arthroplasty and either an I-beam stem or a wedge stem of the tibial component.
Other Name: Biomet Merck: Maxim TKA
Active Comparator: wedge
Wedge stem design of tibial component for Total Knee Arthroplasty.
Device: Maxim TKA
Operation with Total Knee Arthroplasty and either an I-beam stem or a wedge stem of the tibial component.
Other Name: Biomet Merck: Maxim TKA

Detailed Description:

Around 4% of total knee arthroplasties (TKA) are revised 15 years after the primary operation, most due to loosening of the implant. About 70 % TKA are fixed with bone cement and in general the results after total knee arthroplasty are excellent and with the existing technique about 95% well functioning prostheses can be expected 10 years post surgery. The most serious late complication to surgery is aseptic loosening of the implants; and this remains one of the main courses of failure of both uncemented and cemented total knee implants.

Implant design, method of fixation and the bone mass density has a large influence on implant stability. Fixation of the tibia base plates in total knee arthroplasty can be obtained by different designs of anchorage in the tibia e.g. central round stems, fins and pegs. The smaller the tibia stem; the lesser amount of bone is lost at implantation and following revisions rendering probable a time gain before secondary arthrodesis is necessary. The tibia stem cannot be to tiny either because it has to be able to resist the load of shearing forces naturally presented by the knee kinetics.

In this project we are using modularly tibia components with a central wedge- and I-beam shaped stem respectively. Both type of prosthesis are consolidated in the bone by bone cement applied under the base-plate while the stem is fixed press-fit (without cement) in the proximal tibia.

The purpose of this study is to compare the early migration of two cemented total knee implants with different tibial stem design by RSA (radio stereophotogrammetric analysis). Furthermore, we will make research into the periprosthetic bone and it's changes after surgery using DEXA. Finally the extend of the expected micromovements between the polyethylene liner and the metal backing of the titanium plateau will be compared and taken into account with the results.

Tibia wedge stems are exposed to the greatest load test by shearing forces while block stems are bearing the greater load with compression and some scientists therefore speculate that block-designs are better than wedge-designs. This project is set up to explain the theoretical speculations about design and implant survival. The durability of the implants have been tested in account of fatigue and durability in a 80-20 test and they're both able to resist 4-6 times bodyweight. Furthermore, the polyethylene is produced by direct compression molding making it very resistant to wear.

To evaluate both the implant-bone micromotions and the polyethylene-implant micromovements metal markers have been placed on the implant prior to surgery and furthermore into the tibial bone and into the tibial polyethylene intra-operatively allowing us to evaluate stereo x-rays by a photogrammetric computer analyses called RSA at the Orthopaedic Center, Aarhus University Hospital. Follow-up stereo x-rays will be scheduled for 1 week, 3 months, 6 month, 1 years and 2 years post-surgery. Periprostetic bone density will be evaluated at 1 week, 1 year and 2 years upon inclusion at the Orthopaedic Center, Aarhus University Hospital.


Ages Eligible for Study:   70 Years and older   (Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with one- or double-sided primary knee arthrosis.
  • Patients with a sufficient bone quality for implantation of knee prosthesis.
  • Informed and written patient consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with neuromuscular or vascular diseases in the affected leg.
  • Patients who peroperatively are estimated unsuitable for knee arthroplasty e.g. due to bone cysts or dilution of the bone mass.
  • Patients who use non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and cannot refrain from taking them postoperatively (this includes COX-2-inhibitors).
  • Patients with osteoporosis estimated from the preoperative x-ray or former diagnosis of osteoporosis.
  • Patients with knee arthrosis following fracture sequelae.
  • Women, who are pregnant or are at risk of getting pregnant throughout the 2 year follow-up.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00175136

Orthopaedic Center, Aarhus University Hospital
Aarhus, Denmark, 8000
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Aarhus
Aarhus University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Kjeld Søballe, MD, Prof. Orthopaedic Center, Aarhus University Hospital, Tage-Hansens Gade 2, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.
  More Information

Responsible Party: Maiken Stilling, MD, Aarhus University Hospital Identifier: NCT00175136     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 20030239
Study First Received: September 10, 2005
Last Updated: October 12, 2010

Keywords provided by University of Aarhus:
Knee Arthroplasty
Micromotion of polyethylen liner
Stem arthroplasty design

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases processed this record on May 22, 2017