Establishment of Comprehensive Genetic Analysis From a Single Cell
Recruitment status was: Not yet recruiting
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Primary Purpose: Screening
Time Perspective: Longitudinal
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Establishment of Comprehensive Genetic Analysis From a Single Cell|
|Study Start Date:||September 2005|
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for couples at risk of conceptions with serious genetic disorders is firmly established as a valid reproductive option for couples to consider following appropriate genetic counseling. The procedure entails a balance of risks between establishing a successful pregnancy and minimizing the risk of misdiagnosis. PGD of single gene disorders relies on PCR-based tests performed on single cells (polar bodies or blastomeres). Despite the use of increasingly robust protocols, allele drop-out (ADO; the failure to amplify one of the two alleles in a heterozygous cell) remains a significant problem for diagnosis using single cell PCR. In extreme cases ADO can affect >40% of amplifications and has already caused several PGD misdiagnoses.
Fundamental to most genetic analysis is availability of genomic DNA of adequate quality and quantity. Because DNA yield from human samples is frequently limiting, much effort has been invested in developing methods for whole genome amplification (WGA) by random or degenerate oligonucleotide-primed PCR. However, existing WGA methods like degenerate oligonucleotideprimed PCR suffer from incomplete coverage and inadequate average DNA size. Multiple displacement amplification (MDA) provides a highly uniform representation across the genome. Amplification bias among eight chromosomal loci was less than 3-fold in contrast to 4–6 orders of magnitude for PCR-based WGA methods. Average product length was >10 kb. MDA is an isothermal, strand-displacing amplification yielding about 20–30 μg product from as few as 1–10 copies of human genomic DNA. Amplification can be carried out directly from biological samples including crude whole blood and tissue culture cells. MDA-amplified human DNA is useful for several common methods of genetic analysis, including genotyping of single nucleotide polymorphisms, chromosome painting, Southern blotting and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis, subcloning, and DNA sequencing. MDA-based WGA is a simple and reliable method that could have significant implications for genetic studies, forensics, diagnostics, and long-term sample storage.
In this study we will carefully vary reaction conditions in single cell amplifications from isolated peripheral lymphocytes to minimize the rate of ADO. Consideration of the causal factors identified during this study should permit the design of PGD protocols that experience little ADO, thus improving the accuracy of PGD for single gene disorders.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00173732
|Dept of Medical Genetics;National Taiwan University Hospital|
|Taipei, Taiwan, 100|
|Study Chair:||Chien-Nan Lee, MD,PhD|