The Role of Regulatory T Cell in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Defined Population
Observational Model: Natural History
Time Perspective: Longitudinal
Time Perspective: Retrospective/Prospective
|Study Start Date:||September 2005|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2006|
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is an autoimmune disease characterized with T cell mediated destruction of pancreatic βcell. Dysregulated B and T cells were reported in the animal model. The loss of maintenance of immune homeostasis is thought to be major mechanism and result in persistence of autoreactive T cell in the periphery. Therapies which modulate the immune dysfunction may be helpful for the patients of T1D.
Immune homeostasis means a balance between the responses that control infection and tumor growth and reciprocal responses that prevent inflammation and autoimmune disease. CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) are critical to maintain such functions. Their actions can be through cell-to-cell contact or bystander effect. The specific markers of Tregs include CD25 molecule (IL-2 receptorαchain), Foxp3 (forkhead-winged helix transcription factor). The Foxp3 is a transcription factor that controls some genes encoding Tregs associated molecules, such as CD25, CTLA-4 and GITR.
The previous studies of modulation of Tregs in T1D show positive results in animal model. But the relative sizes of CD4+CD25+ population in human are still controversial. Our hypothesis is that the imbalance of Tregs and autoreactive T cells is the pathogenesis of T1D. Therefore, we used flow cytometry to determine the number of CD4+CD25+ Tregs population and quantitative real-time PCR to assay the expression of Foxp3, CLTA-4, GITR in patients with different stages and normal control. Besides, autoantibodies to GAD65 is associated with T1D in 60-80% patients. It is a marker of autoimmune diabetes. We anticipated that the realization of Tregs functions in patients of T1D will help our further guide of immunotherapy of patients with T1D and other autoimmune disease.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00173641
|National Taiwan University Hospital|
|Principal Investigator:||Yi-Ching Tung, MD||National Taiwan University Hospital|