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Autoantibodies in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00173628
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified August 2005 by National Taiwan University Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : September 15, 2005
Last Update Posted : December 21, 2005
Information provided by:
National Taiwan University Hospital

Brief Summary:
Evaluate the autoantibodies, such as glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65), tyrosine phosphatase (IA-2 or ICA125), islet autoantibodies (IAA) and other associated autoimmune autoantibodies: microsomal antibodies, thyroglobulin antibodies, gastric parietal cell antibodies in patients with type 1 DM.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Type 1 Diabetes Procedure: blood drawing

Detailed Description:

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common disease in pediatric endocrine clinic and epidemiological studies showed the racial variation in the incidence, with the highest of 35 cases per 100000 in Finland. The incidence of type 1 DM in Taiwan is reported to be 1.5 per 100000 for the population less than 30 years old. While the diagnosis is made, the residual islet cell function is only about 20% of normal population. Therefore, the principle therapy in these patients is insulin therapy lifelong.

The pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus is multifactorial and controversial, involving the genetic and environmental factors. Type 1 DM is an autoimmune disease, which is T cell mediated islet cell destruction. Ninety percent of patients with type 1 DM express at least one of the autoantibodies to the islet. Antibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) were observed in 60-80% of such patients, which were considered the most important autoantigens. The autoantibodies disappeared successively after diagnosis and decreased in concentrations over time, but titers of antibodies to GAD65 had been observed fluctuated in patients with type 1 DM.

The prevalence of GAD antibodies, insulin autoantibodies, IA-2 (tyrosine phosphatase) were reported as 45-67%, 23-67% and 49%, respectively in Taiwan. Other associated autoimmune disease, such as autoimmune thyroiditis were reported as 13-24%. Such differences may be caused by the enrolling criteria and different age population. Therefore, we want to elucidate the role of autoantibodies in the pathogenesis of type 1 DM.

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Study Type : Observational
Enrollment : 150 participants
Observational Model: Defined Population
Time Perspective: Other
Study Start Date : January 1990
Study Completion Date : December 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Diabetes Type 1

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 20 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00173628

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Contact: Yi-Ching Tung, MD 886-2-23123456 ext 5130

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National Taiwan University Hospital Recruiting
Taipei, Taiwan
Contact: Yi-Ching Tung, MD    886-2-23123456 ext 5130   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Yi-Ching Tung, MD National Taiwan University Hospital
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00173628    
Other Study ID Numbers: 9461700824
First Posted: September 15, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 21, 2005
Last Verified: August 2005
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases