The Diagnostic Efficacy of Computer-Aided Detection (CAD) in Full-Field Digital Mammography (FFDM)- A Prospective Study
Recruitment status was: Not yet recruiting
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Defined Population
Primary Purpose: Screening
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Study Start Date:||January 2006|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2008|
Mammography is currently the only documented effective imaging tool for breast cancer screening. However, the sensitivity of mammography may be reduced in dense breasts, and sometimes it is difficult to even perceive a very subtle cancer which presents as a small stellate lesion, or very faint microcalcifications, missed diagnosed thus occurs. Herein, some researchers in Western countries developed computer-aided detection (CAD) system to help radiologists detect subtle, easily overlooked findings to facilitate early breast cancer detection, and most of the research regarding CAD was used in screen-film mammography (SFM) system. Ikeda, et al, worked on the retrospective CAD usage of those negative mammograms which later developed breast cancers. CAD could correctly mark 40% of the areas on these mammograms reported negative previously that later developed evident cancers. However, 80% of these are only nonspecific findings, and do not warrant recall for additional workup even at retrospective unblinded review by well-trained mammographers. The other research concluded that CAD could improve early cancer detection rate of mammography, with the sensitivity of 92% in detection of breast cancer size smaller than 5mm, 94% for cancer size 11-15mm. CAD can detect more microcalcifications than masses (sensitivity for microcalcifications 98%, masses 84%, mass with microcalcifications 92%). CAD could mark an average of 1.3 false positive marks per mammographic exam.
Full-field digital mammography (FFDM) is a new approved technology for breast cancer detection after SFM era since 2000. The diagnostic accuracy of FFDM versus SFM is still under clinical trials, and it is believed the sensitivity and accuracy of FFDM for screening population is relatively equivalent to SFM. However, there are very few reports regarding the CAD application in FFDM, since FFDM can offer the post-acquisition processing on high-resolution review workstation for interpretation. Nevertheless, the spatial resolution of soft-copy reading on monitors for FFDM is slightly inferior to but the contrast resolution is slightly superior to that of conventional SFM. Herein, the diagnostic efficacy and role of CAD in FFDM are still unclear. Therefore, the goal of our study is to explore the sensitivity, false-negative (FN) and false-positive (FP) rates of combination usage of CAD in FFDM system, in comparison with the sensitivity, FN and FP rates of interpretation based on FFDM without CAD combination. We are also about to evaluate the efficacy, additional time spent in adjunct application CAD in FFDM interpretation, in order to assess the feasibility of CAD in FFDM.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00173303
|National Taiwan University Hospital|
|Study Director:||Tiffany TF Shih, MD||National Taiwan University Hospital|
|Principal Investigator:||Jane Wang, MD||National Taiwan University Hospital|