The Study of Human Atherosclerosis by Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00173238
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified June 2005 by National Taiwan University Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : September 15, 2005
Last Update Posted : December 21, 2005
Information provided by:
National Taiwan University Hospital

Brief Summary:

Atherosclerosis is unquestionably the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries, and the world-wide importance of acute vascular syndromes is increasing. Rupture of atherosclerotic plaque has been identified as the proximate event in the majority of cases of acute ischemic syndromes. Therefore, modalities capable of characterizing the atherosclerotic lesion may be helpful in understanding its natural history and detecting lesions with high risk for acute events.

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a powerful tool capable of tomographic imaging based on low coherence interferometry. It is analogous to ultrasound imaging except that it uses infrared light instead of sound. Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) combines the advantages of OCT with additional image contrast of the sample. The added contrast is based on the ability of PS-OCT to detect the birefringent properties of a sample (phase retardation and fast-axis orientation) simultaneously.

The goals of this project are: 1) to examine whether PS-OCT is an acceptable tool for the characterization of typical plaque constituents; and 2) to explain the correlation between birefringence and forming or rupture of a plaque; and 3) to establish a quantitative PS-OCT image criteria for atherosclerotic plaque characterization in vitro.

Condition or disease
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical

Detailed Description:
Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a promising new class of diagnostic medical imaging technology that utilizes advanced photonics and fiber optics to obtain images and tissue characterization on a scale never before possible within the human body. OCT combines the principles of ultrasound with the imaging performance of a microscope and a form factor that is familiar to clinicians. Whereas ultrasound produces images from backscattered sound "echoes," OCT uses infrared light waves that reflect off the internal microstructure within the biological tissues.

Study Type : Observational
Enrollment : 5 participants
Observational Model: Case Control
Primary Purpose: Screening
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Time Perspective: Prospective
Study Start Date : June 2005
Study Completion Date : June 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Atherosclerosis

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Heart transplantation, atherosclerosis

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Infection

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00173238

Contact: Nai-Kuan Chou, MD.,PhD 886-2-23123456 ext 5066

National Taiwan University Hospital Recruiting
Taipei, Taiwan, 100
Contact: Nai-Kuan Chou, MD.,PhD    886-2-23123456 ext 5066   
Principal Investigator: Nai-Kuan Chou, MD.,PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Nai-Kuan Chou, MD.,PhD National Taiwan University Hospital,Taipei.Taiwan Identifier: NCT00173238     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 9461700533
First Posted: September 15, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 21, 2005
Last Verified: June 2005

Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:
optical coherence tomography
phase retardation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases